The geographical position of Zagreb, which sees the capital closer to Vienna than to the Croatian city of Dubrovnik (formerly Ragusa), says much of the character Mittel European Zagreb, a city of over one million inhabitants with v’accoglie its orderly appearance of a city in Central Europe. Expanded mainly under the Habsburgs, with parks and facades of buildings rather elegant, Zagreb was an important ecclesiastical and political center since the Middle Ages. Now, thanks to the status of capital city acquired after independence in 1990, Zagreb is now surprisingly become an interesting destination for business, congress, culture and tourism of the Interior of Croatia, which together with the Plitvice Lakes is a candidate as alternative to traditional views of the city and beaches of Istria and Dalmatia.
From the historical point of view, the first traces were found within the city on the hill of Gradec, but it is indisputable that the first official appearance date in the history of Zagreb 1094, the founding year of the diocese by the King of Hungary , and the construction of settlements as well as he Cathedral of Gradac on the hill of Kaptol. The history of Gradec has seen many series events, even painful as the invasion of the Tartars in 1242, but for the rest of Zagreb, which takes its name in the 16 th century, a living history of trade, due to its strategic location, then finding the border Ottoman expansion, but remained under the wing of the Habsburg Empire. The great economic, political and cultural center of Zagreb, however, started only in the 19 th century, when the first theater (1834) and the first university (1874) are based and the imprint Austrian model the structure of the city as we can still admire Today, in its most solemn.
To get to Zagreb from Italy by car should follow the path of the E70, at least for those living in northern Italy, and then again from Trieste motorway A1 Slovenian Ljubljana and the subsequent A2 to Zagreb. Coming from the south-central conveninete also can be a mixed solution with ferries from Ancona and Pescara, down to Split or Zadar, and lifts along the A1 to Zagreb. The distances of the capital of Croatia with other European cities: Vienna and Budapest to 372 km, Milan 672 km, Prague and 949 km Berlin 1434 km. The airport city, called “Plezo”, is the largest airport in Croatia and is located in south-east, about 20 km from the center.
A visit to the city of Zagreb has to include the three historic city cores: Gornji Grad, Kaptol and Donji grad, which houses the reference square around the center, the Bana Jelacica.
Gornji Grad can be explored starting from the main city square, Trg bana Jelacica precisely, and moving along the road Radiceva, you get to climb in Gornji Grad, the district also known as Gradec. The medieval center is surrounded by fortification walls of the 13 th century.
If you do not want to make trouble, you can use the handy funicular “uspinjaca”. The three main attractions are the Marko Trg, a beautiful square surrounded by simple but elegant buildings, the Church of San Marco, and the palace of Banski dvori (Bano’s Palace), a Baroque-style building, now the Croatian government.
Other things to do in Gradec are visiting the Croatian Museum of Naive Art, or take a walk to Katarina Square (Katarinin trg), visit the Museum of Modern Art, the Palace and the Tower Dverce Lotrscak. Strossmayer Promenade at photo enthusiasts possonio enjoy a fantastic view of the city. Before going down, if you still have time, well worth a visit are the Museum of Natural History, the Museum of the City of Zagreb and the Astronomical Observatory.
Kaptol is the hill to the north-east of the Trg bana Jelacica and is reached from here by following the road Bakaceva. You enter in the oldest part of Zagreb, where you will find the Zagreb Cathedral, the magnificent spiers. A unique part of Kaptol is to Opatovina, while the area of Dolac is now the biggest open market. Not far away is the way Tkalciceva, famous for its bars and cafes where you take a relaxing soak.
Donji grad, that is, the lower city, is located south of Kaptol and Gradec. Donji grad is famous for its main square, Trg bana Jelacica, the Ilica namely the longest street in Zagreb, as well as for its many squares with 3-storey buildings, fountains and well-kept parks. This is the city called “Lenucijeva Podkova” or the Iron Horse Lenuci, an architectural tour of architect Milan Lenuci U-turn path, however, remained unfinished. However, try to follow, and then visit the square Zrinjevac, the Music Pavilion, the Archeological Museum (home to the famous Dove Vucedol), the Strossmayer Gallery, the Modern Gallery, the Cabinet of the art graphics and Pavilion arts.
Do not miss the Trg marsala Tita (maresicallo Tito Square), dominated by the Croatian National Theatre, in neo-Baroque. Other highlights include the Tomislav trg square and Starĉević where the Botanical Garden. Not far away are the Marulić Square with its impressive building of the Library – Croatian National Archive, which is considered one of the most beautiful examples of Secession of Zagreb. To the north we find, not far from Piazza Tito, even Roosevelt’s Square and the Museum Mimara.
Recommended excursions in the region: north of Zagreb are Medvedgrad, a fortified city in the park Medvednica. The park has numerous hiking trails, and the highest peak is Mount Sljeme, which is just over 1000 meters. It ‘s also a ski resort in winter. The fortification of Medvedgrad, built in 1250, is one of the largest and most impressive examples of walled cities of Croatia. Two other medieval villages of the surroundings are Okic, dated 12 th century and Samobor.
Samobor is a small town situated in the fertile valley of the River Sava. This is a real city-museum. Each house, square or street tells its story. The ruins of the medieval village above the present town, testifies to its rich history. They are usually held numerous exhibitions in the Museum. Samobor is the most developed tourist resort of Zagreb County, and a favorite destination of many citizens of Zagreb and also foreign tourists. E ‘of particular importance for its food and its attractive festivals and carnivals, in particular. Near the city there is an interesting cave (Grgos) and old mines of iron, tin and gypsum at Rude. Other historical sites and castles are located in the Zagorje region Hrvatsko such as the village of Krapina.
Krapina is a picturesque town in the heart of Hrvatsko Zagorje, mentioned for the first time in 1193. It was fortified city in 1330, but only some of these remains have been preserved. In the mid-14 th century was a place of real free trade. Krapina is best known for prehistoric finds of Neanderthals, found in 1899 by Dragutin Gorjanović Kramberger, Hušnjakovo in the cave on the hill. Today, in front of the cave there are reconstruction with prehistoric men and animals in natural size. The permanent exhibition, namely the Museum of Evolution can be visited. The city also has the Museum of Native Ljudevit Gaj, who was born here in 1891 and there is a statue.
Events and Festivals
In late July meeting with the renowned International Festival of Folklore (Medunarodna smotra Folklora), which attracts many Croatian folk groups and the world. The event will take place in a pleasant period in terms of climate, and the streets of the capital are filled until a late hour. Also in summer at the Summer Festival in Zagreb, which attracts many lovers of chamber music and symphonic music.
Climate and recommended periods.
From a meteorological perspective Zagreb has features typically continental, typical of central Europe, and then cold and relatively dry in winter, hot and humid in summer, even if the periods are the wettest in late spring and the middle of autumn.
The record heat is usually in July, with highs average around 26° C, but there have been record levels even up to touch the 40° C. Summer nighttime lows drop to values around 14-15° C. In winter the snow is often present, with a negative average temperature in January, when you reach the minimum points of -4 / -5° C but it is not uncommon to see the column down to -10° C, always remembering that the record low is a respectable citizen – 27° C.
Originally posted 2012-08-20 15:43:00.