Located at the crossroads between Egypt, Libya and Sudan, and then cut into three parts by the boundaries drawn with a ruler by the colonialists in 1800 without any respect of the masterminds geographical, stands isolated in nothing more absolutely one of the most spectacular Jebel Sahara, the Uweinat massif, a relief of granite and sandstone extended to 1,750 sq km, with a perimeter of 150 km and a maximum height of 2,000 m, in the eastern section that recalls the Dolomites valleys dug deep in the middle of huge volcanic rocks and landslides that have torn the mountain.
Far away from everything, from the Nile valley, the volcanic cones of the Tibesti and the oasis in Egypt, Libya and Sudan, surrounded on all sides by vast deserts absolutely free of water, to get there you just go especially with a long and tiring journey, the which was discovered by the explorer Egyptian Hassanein Bey only in 1923, until then unknown to the maps. These and explorers in the following decades (including Italians and Di Desio Caporiacco and Hungarian Almasy, The English Patient narrated in the novel and film of the same name), you rinvennero sources, paleolaghi, groves of acacias and sycamores, gazelles, mouflon and Fennek and, above all, archaeological finds and a large number of engravings and paintings, polychrome rock, making it one of the most important stations of prehistoric art of the Sahara.
Little is naturalistic images on the large wildlife, while later ones abound and schematic of the Pastoral Neolithic clearly when man pastor busy with their herds of cattle, goats and sheep the few water points, the animals Wild had to retreat to the exclusion of giraffes, ostriches, antelopes and oryx, the water consumption is less. Often people are portrayed in huts, which allows us to know the economy and daily life of these populations proto-Berber. The huts are seen everyday objects, such as baskets and terracotta pots, and hanging objects from the ceiling hung with strings.
The women wear a thong or a white skirt with embroidered belts, while the rest of the naked body is covered with necklaces, pendants and bracelets on his arms, wrists and ankles. The men are naked, tall, broad shoulders, muscular arms and legs, often armed with bows, some wear white feathers, ostrich perhaps, in the midst of thick hair. In some scenes of hunting men appear equipped with spears, javelins, shields, weapons curved and clubs. The animals were often captured with the aid of traps. The numerous mills found relate more to the cereal harvest wild edible than to a true agricultural production. In the Neolithic period was certainly a microcosm very lively meeting point of different cultures and traditions, with a time of major development between 3,500 and 1,000 BC.
Thanks to the presence of water and vegetation in the surrounding universe completely dry, certainly represented a p anointed of passage for migration and trade between the central Sahara and the Nile and between the Mediterranean and Black Africa. In all probability, was inhabited at a later date and relatively recent Tebu tribes who hunted, grazed animals and used it as a forward base for their raids prey to Egyptian oasis. At the beginning of the 2nd World War has hosted two major military bases in German-Italian, with airfields.
There are three possible routes to reach the Djebel Uwenait: north-east, starting from the oases of the Western Desert Egypt through the Great Sand Sea, north-west, starting from the oasis of Kufra Libya (now inaccessible), and finally southeast through the deserts of Sudan, and this way, much less monotonous earlier, also has the advantage of leading in the field of solid richest rock art.
It starts from the Sudanese capital Khartoum, touching in succession the royal necropolis of Meroe with its sharp pyramids (UNESCO site), the desert of Bayuda with its volcanic cones and Bisharin nomads with their herds to the wells, the frescoed tombs of Egyptian-style El Kurru, the petrified forest with huge Nubian fossil trunks, villages with white painted houses along the Nile, the Temple of Soleb, most Egyptian monument in Nubia. It passes through the western desert of Sudan, one of the least known of the great Sahara and almost twice as Italy, it is a total wilderness, with very few traces of plant and animal life and the passage of vehicles. On the other hand offers all the most spectacular forms of Sahara dunes extended indefinitely, sandy plains, isolated pinnacles of rock eroded by the wind, extended clusters of rounded granite boulders stacked to each other, different paleosols.
After the uninhabited oasis of Selima, once an important caravan node, you’ll finally reach the Uweinat. On the way back, a stop block granite massif of Djebel Kissu, which is also rich in prehistoric remains, then crosses the Darb El Arbain, the important caravan route that connected the savannahs of Sudan with high central Egypt, still strewn skeletons of camels calcined in the sun, then through an ancient tributary of the Nile dried up and now populated by nomads with their herds Bisharin.
Originally posted 2012-09-21 10:57:20.