Included within the archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands in Indonesia Nusa Tenggara, Lombok is a tranquil island in a Muslim majority is particularly evocative because of the beautiful natural scenery that characterize not only the coast but also inland. From the geographical point of view, the island is separated by Bali Strait homonym of Lombok , a strait varying in width between 18 and 40 meters, which connects the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean, while to the west is Alas Strait, which separates it from Sumbawa. The shape of the island, whose extension is just over 4,700 square meters, is vaguely circular, with the north-central part characterized by the presence of the giant volcano Rinjani, whose peak touches 3,726 meters above sea level.
Currently the population of Lombok is around 3,000,000 inhabitants, a significant figure considering that the only town of size is very large Mataram, the administrative capital, surrounded by a metropolitan area that is home to around 1,200 in .000 people. Although in recent years, tourism has experienced a remarkable expansion, Lombok is still far from the standards of Bali , where hordes of visitors from all over the world flock to its shores, in many luxury hotels and resorts. On the island are still semi-deserted beaches, frequented only by some native, in which you will be immersed in a luxuriant nature, characterized by a wide variety of flora and fauna.
The four main settlements of Lombok are Ampenam, Cakranegara, Sweta and the aforementioned Mataram, whose metropolitan area is virtually extended by incorporating the other three within a single vast conurbation. Each of these four centers has its own peculiarities; Mataram hosts the most important government, Cakranegara is the best known shopping center, Sweta is the hub of most of the transport and Ampenam, until a few decades ago the main port, is currently the ideal destination for affordable housing. In Mataram are also almost all the few industries on the island, whose main livelihood is derived from assets still tied to tradition, as well as tourism. Among these major urban centers, the advice is to take the time to visit especially Cakranegara, with which you can admire the beautiful palace Mayura, located on the water along the city. Built in 1744 during the reign of the Majapahit dynasty, the building was part of the royal court of the kingdom balinese and is still surrounded by many beautiful temples and some fountains surrounded by a park where there is the Pura Meru, the largest temple of the whole the island.
The most developed area from the point of view of tourism is to Senggigi, characterized by the succession of a series of large inlets. In addition to facilities for receiving all types and prices, in Senggigi there are shops, bars and restaurants, along with stunning beaches, will make their stay appealing both day and night, because there’s nothing more relaxing than a stroll along the seafront in the moonlight. To the south of the main beach of Senggigi you can visit the Batu Bolong Temple, a building that juts out into the sea from which it enjoys a truly exceptional view.
Many tourists choose to stay on one of the Gili Islands, small islands surrounded by coral where you can enjoy the sun, sea and nature. Relaxation is guaranteed, because the islands do not even moving vehicles, although, especially during high season, the few available beds tend to be filled, so as to require an advance reservation for several months. Most accommodations are made in simple bungalows built near the coast, from where it moves mainly by sea using the small boats can be hired on the spot.
Another area not to be missed is to Ubud, which are in the works for some projects that involve the construction of large receptive structures that can accommodate thousands of tourists, but which is still subject to a minimal tourism, which is reflected on lifestyle of the place very quiet and calm. Approximately two kilometers east of Pantai Kuta stands Segar, a huge rock from the top of which you can admire a breathtaking view, which amply repays the effort that you must take to achieve it. Following five kilometers east is always to reach Gerupak, a resort particularly popular with surfers who are used to gather on the white sands of Selong Blanak, the most famous beach of the place. The excellent surfing can be practiced even at Mawan, Mawi and Tampa , all bays not far from each other. Moving toward the west, however, you will reach Pengantap, from which the view extends over a spectacular stretch of coastline shrouded by tropical vegetation.
Most of the festivals that are held each year in Lombok is religious and focuses or the beginning of the rainy season, ie between October and December, or during the harvest period, between April and May. In these months, the celebrations involve the entire island, on which are held parades, processions and performances of various kinds. At the end of Ramadan, the period varies from year to year there is the feast of Eid al-Fitr, during which families gather to exchange gifts, and devoting abbondati eat. Other events of importance are: Eid al-Adah, which marks the time when Muslims should start on a pilgrimage to Mecca , the Pura Meru, a Hindu ceremony celebrated the full moon in June at the temple of Cakranegara; the Perang ketupat, held between October and December to Lingsar; and Pujawali, a celebration that pays tribute to Hindu god Batara that the tradition lives on top of Gunung Rinjani.
The best time to leave for Lombok coincides with the so-called dry season, which lasts from June to October, providing weather conditions are generally stable, not too high temperatures and humidity bearable. And ‘instead to avoid the rainy season, between October and May, violent thunderstorms when besides the temperatures are very high.
As regards transport, Mataram is connected by frequent daily flights to Denpasar (Bali), Sumbawa Besar, in Bisa (Nusa Tenggara) and Surabaya (Java). The ferry ride from Padangbai, a town located exactly on the coast opposite the island of Bali , in Lembar takes about four hours, while it takes about two hours to cover the stretch of sea that separates Labuhan Lombok by Poto Sano. On the island you can move with public transport quite efficient, even if the motorcycle and boat transport preferred by the vast majority of tourists.
Originally posted 2012-07-26 17:04:55.