Located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the land meets the Balkan Peninsula Pannonia, Belgrade is a city to discover a treasure chest full of treasures just waiting to be opened. The center, capital of Serbia since 1991, has approximately 1,710,000 inhabitants of very different ethnic groups, with Serbs, Montenegrins, Roma, Croats and Macedonians living is not without some mutual resentment. Belgrade is now the most populous city country, and the fourth of south-east, and is the main economic center, manufacturing, culture and science of Serbia.
The oldest remains of modern historical center of Belgrade are from the period of domination by the Celts in the third century BC, they founded a village later conquered by the Romans. These they named the settlement Singidunum, as maintained over the centuries through domination Byzantine, Bulgarian, Serbian and Magyar until the sixteenth century, or until the advent of the Ottomans from the south-east. In 1521, in fact, Serbia and Belgrade fell to the Ottomans. Between the seventeenth and eighteenth century Belgrade was repeatedly plundered by the Turkish rulers, who were forced to relax its grip on the Balkans only since 1841, year of release, which marked the birth of the Principality of Serbia, renamed the Kingdom of Serbia in 1882. Between 1918 and 1991, Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia.
Regarding the architecture, the most famous and popular features of Belgrade are those from the first half of the nineteenth century. The earlier buildings, except for the beautiful ruins of the walls and a disorder (tomb) of the Ottoman citadel, went tragically destroyed in the many wars that plagued Belgrade during its history. Many of the Nineteenth Century buildings to which we referred above were made on pre-existing Turkish mosques, madrasas, caravanserais and so on., Totally deleted from plans drawn up after the liberation. Among the more successful works include Kosančićev Venac the neighborhood, where houses were built low-inspired Austrian and the magnificent Cathedral of St. Michael finished in 1837 according to a classical style decorated with Baroque elements. Nearby stands the wonderful area Petrovaradinska tvrđava, the “Fortress of Petrovaradin,” one of the most popular attractions of Belgrade , whose origins date back to Roman times. Other works completed between 800 and 900 are: the National Theatre, built in 1869 on the project of Serbia Aleksandar Bugarski neo-Renaissance style, the National Museum, also overlooking the famous Piazza Repubblica and the Palazzo Vecchio, the other Bugarski work that is now the town meeting. The early twentieth century are: the Parliament of Serbia, in 1907, the church of San Marco, built between 1931 and 1940 in Neo-Byzantine style, inspired from the monastery of Gracanica, and the Temple of Saint Sava, the largest Orthodox church world. The result of the dictates of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, many outlying buildings are obvious examples of Brutalist architecture.
The city is home to many major museums. The most visited is undoubtedly the National Museum of Serbia , housed in a building erected in 1844, which exposes more than 400,000 paintings, sculptures and archaeological finds from the Middle Ages to the present day. One of the most valuable pieces is the famous Miroslav Gospel, a work of religious character of Vladimir Stasov, Fyodor Buslaev and Nikodim Kondakov. Other productions are: the Museum of Military History, which houses 25,000 military items ranging from Roman times to the years of World War II, the Museum of the City of Belgrade , which has a rich archaeological section with nearly 300 pieces emblematic of the birth and the formation of the city, the Air Force Museum, displaying 200 magnificent aircraft many of which are for sale, the Ethnographic Museum, opened in 1901 with 150,000 exhibits on the history of the Balkans, the Museum of Contemporary Art, which houses works created slave the early twentieth century to today, the Nikola Tesla Museum, inaugurated in 1952, which preserves documents and artifacts relating to life and profession of the famous scientist Nikola Tesla, the Museum of Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic and Dositej Obradovic, where the works are on display of the two proponents of the Revolution of Scripture Serbian nineteenth century and the Museum of African Art, with rooms devoted entirely to African artistic works.
Outside of the center include the presence of the Zemun district, particularly known for its Millennium Tower, the park and Topčider Kuća Cveća, the mausoleum erected in honor of Marshal Tito. For those who prefer to relax the advice is to go on the river Sava, where he was made an artificial lake surrounded by seven kilometers of beaches to rest or engage in sports favorites, or Kalemegdan park, the largest urban park in Belgrade. Very beautiful is the view enjoyed from the summit of Mount Avala, the highest point of the city. One aspect that can not pass unnoticed is the rich nightlife that promises the center of Belgrade, led by local clubs, discos, restaurants, pubs and bars late into the night.
The climate is typically continental with an average annual temperature of 11.5 degrees. The hottest month is July, during which the mean values of 22 degrees, while the coldest is January, when temperatures often drop below zero. In winter the city is often whipped by the icy currents of Kosava, a cold wind from the north-east by a few degrees centigrade which lowers the perceived temperature. The average rainfall is around 700 mm of rain per year. The best months for sightseeing are April, September and October when the weather is mild and the mass tourism certainly not excessive.
The city is home to the busiest airport in the state, Nikola Tesla, an international airport located twelve kilometers outside the center. Urban public transport is run by GSP Beograd, which has developed 12 tramways, trolleybuses and 8 of over 100 buses. Rail transport is instead governed by Železnice Srbije, the “Railways of Serbia”, which allow daily connections with all major Serbian cities. Very important is also the key transport Danube route every day from dozens of commercial vessels and designated to transport passengers.
Originally posted 2012-08-02 10:23:01.