Ljubljana in Slovenia, Laibach in German) with its 270,000 inhabitants is the capital of Slovenia. Geographically the city is the center of the state, about seventy kilometers from Trieste, in a valley at nearly 300 meters high, crushed to the west by the mountain heights to the east from the plateau karst, and crossed by the river Ljubljanica.
The origins are found in Roman times, namely in 15 AD, when it started the first settlement by the name of Emona, dubbed in German Laibach only a thousand years later. The title of the city was awarded in 1220, and about a century later, in 1335, was annexed to the Habsburg rulers, under which he remained until 1918. During this period, Ljubljana became the capital of the Duchy of Carniola, home of the most important diocese in the region in 1461, and artistic and cultural center of the first floor within the Empire. Before the final dissolution of the Habsburg dynasty, which took place at the end of World War I, and subsequent annexation to the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes, later Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the city was subject to a brief period of French domination, at the years of the Napoleonic wars between 1809 and 1813, during which he obtained the title of Ljubljana, the capital of the First French Empire’s Illyrian Provinces. After the difficult period following the end of World War II, in which damage to the atrocities inflicted by the war and joined the imposition of the Yugoslav regime, the Slovenia came to gain its independence, officially proclaimed June 25, 1991.
The Ljubljana of the new millennium is an extraordinary city, on a human scale and at the same time large enough not to miss anything, that has preserved the soul of the baroque city center, surrounding buildings with modern sophisticated design, kissed by the nature of the green hill Castle, from which to admire the valley carved by the river Ljubljanica in the hard rock karst.
The main places of tourist interest are reflected in the waters of the river, like the Museum of Modern Art, located in the southern part of the city and home to a famous International Biennial of Graphic Arts, the Municipal Museum, not far from the first, which keeps all ‘ inside a scale model of the ancient Roman settlement of Emona, and the National Museum, on the other side of the center, characterized by collections on various topics, from prehistory to ethnography, which reach their maximum expression in the shrine dedicated to the urn Situla Celtic. One of the most loads of magic is the market, open every day except Sunday near the river, and focused on the sale of typical products.
The old town itself, with its magnificent and well preserved baroque buildings, the Art Nouveau creations and the creations of the brilliant architect Joze Plecnik developed north of the Ljubljanica, where stands the Town Hall. Green lovers and animals will find they like the Public Gardens Tivoli , the lungs of the city, the Botanical Garden, featuring more than 4500 plant species, and the Ljubljana Zoo, not to mention a few miles from the center you landscapes are ideal for hiking and walking through the barren Karst plateau scenarios.
The most glamorous of the Slovenian capital is represented by the narrow downtown streets overlooked by dozens of boutiques of the most popular brands of clothing international, interspersed with antiques, where with a little ‘luck we may conclude discreet affairs, and galleries’ art, testifying to the high cultural interest, as underlined by theaters, cinemas, one of the oldest philharmonic orchestras in the world, and thousands of events held throughout the year. Among these there are over 10 international festivals, such as LIFFE Film Festival, International Jazz Festival, the Festival Druga godba, and the Ljubljana Summer Festival.
The ideal vehicle to reach Ljubljana coming from northern Italy is undoubtedly the car, with which it employs no more than an hour starting from Trieste, boosted further by the lack of flights from Italy, with which it is still possible to land directly Brnik International Airport, and the slow train, but far more comfortable than the homegrown coaches.
The climate is continental, only partially mitigated by the proximity to the Adriatic Sea, with hot summers, but winters are very long and severe, characterized by heavy snowfall. Average temperatures range from 4 degrees in winter, to 23 who register in July, although it often happens that in summer the temperature reaches 30 degrees. There is no better time to start objectively, so that the end of the visit is to choose the date of the trip, preferring the months between December and March for skiing, hiking in the spring and summer to visit museums.
Originally posted 2012-08-11 05:43:03.