The city was founded, according to the most accepted version, the Norwegian browser Ingolfur Arnarson around the year 874. The name Reykjavik comes from the Scottish dialect and means “Bay of Smoke,” for the vapors of the springs. For many centuries it remained a small village, and when in 1786 the Danish king gave the municipal license had only two hundred inhabitants. At the beginning of this century when it became less heavy Danish rule (Iceland became independent after the fall of Hitler, in 1944) the inhabitants were ten thousand. The population boom occurred after the Second World War (today there are about 114,000). What do you know? The main town is the capital of Iceland to the north of the world. To get there, with direct flights from most European airports, just an identity card valid for expatriation. The best time to visit is from 15 June to the first week of September. The currency is the Icelandic krona (Kr = Krona).
What to do? A true Icelandic never begins the day without taking a dip in the pool. Follow their example may be an idea for a tourist. Reykjavik, in fact, dozens of swimming pools filled with natural hot water. Visitors are advised to hire off-road because it can happen, even in summer, to run into a blizzard. Be careful not to drink alcohol before driving (the rate allowed is 0.50%) and not to exceed 45 (population centers) or 70 kilometers per hour (on empty roads).
What to see? To visit just two days. In the central square there is the AIthing, Parliament began to meet that 1055 years ago between the rocks. Four museums of art and one, the most important town near the university. Remarkable is also the church of Hallgrímskirkja.
The first Icelandic parliament (and the world), “Althing”, was established during the summer solstice of the year 930, in the plain of Thingvellir, on the shores of Lake Þingvallavatn. Since then every year Viking 36 heads gathered at the edge of the large mid-Atlantic rift (Almannagià) to make laws and administer, with a little hasty but effective methods, Justice. Thanks to the split, witches and adulteresses were paying their alleged misdeeds with a direct jump into the bowels of the earth. Despite the impartiality of the “logsogumadhr” (who says), many contenders preferred to resolve disputes by resorting to traditional Viking then perfectly legal: a fierce battle with an ax whose denouement was inevitably split into two or more heads . When the causes were abundant, the plain of Thingvellir was transformed into a battlefield strewn with corpses. The worst crime was not murder, against which the judges were particularly lenient, but the injury, especially if given to the family institution in Viking society rested on close bonds.
The attacks provoked bloody family feuds which culminated in the extermination of the offender or the family of the injured. In the face of this crime the authority of the Thing (court) had to give way to that of the ax. In any case, the Vikings are very passionate about the judicial process and when the debates were related to minor crimes, just as murder, took part in welcoming the mass of their life. The choice of the plain of Thingvellir was undoubtedly happy, both because of the wonderful scenery and mild climate, and because it was located in the most populous island, just 50 km from the “Bay of Steam” (Reykjavik), the landing point of the first settler of Iceland: Ingolfur Arnasson. The explorer had founded a small fishing village, nearly nine centuries later (in 1800), it would be developed to the point of touching a record number of 301 souls!.
Originally posted 2012-08-14 06:02:57.