Sarajevo, also known as the Jerusalem of the Balkans, currently inhabited by just over 750,000 people, is the charming capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Once you master the overwhelming historical evidence about the city, one might ask if it is still worthwhile to visit a town plagued by years of war and bombings, will be subject to the austere decades of Communist Yugoslavia. In fact, the war had more impact on the living conditions of the inhabitants that the construction of the charming town of Bosnia, now fully restored to its former splendor. From the geographical point of view, Sarajevo is situated at a height of 500 meters above sea level near the geometric center of the triangle which can be explained by the shape of Bosnia, a few kilometers east of the source of the river Bosna. The village is divided in two by the course of the Miljacka, has four districts, although the best known are essentially those of Novi Grad (New Town) and Stari Grad (Old Town).
Although occupied since the Stone Age, the area where today stands Sarajevo has seen the birth of the first real settlement only in 1461, when Isa-beg Ishakovic, the Ottoman governor in Bosnia, accorpò the multitude of small villages one great center, destined to become the capital of the province. In the following years, to give importance to the city, were built mosques, public baths, markets and magnificent palaces, so that in the sixteenth century, Sarajevo became one of the most prosperous cities of the Balkans. An abrupt halt to the growth of today’s Bosnian capital was in 1699, when the settlement was besieged and largely destroyed by the men of Prince Eugene of Savoy, who wanted to drive out the Ottomans from where they came. Then Sarajevo and Bosnia were occupied by the Empire Austro-Hungarian Empire, under which the city had to fight World War I, before being subjected to the Serbs, Resigned to give the country only in 1992.
The starting point for visiting the city can only be Bascarsija, the oldest, fully restored and returned to its former glory. This district is Ferhadija, the most elegant street of Sarajevo, a long boulevard-style Middle European overlooked by chic boutiques and trendy cafes. The only parts of the town that still bear the wounds of the war years is that of government buildings and some outlying suburbs, were excluded from the work of the general restructuring which involved almost all of Sarajevo in the last twenty years.
One of the features that make it unique in Sarajevo is the richness and variety of places of worship that are found there. Churches, mosques and synagogues take turns as in almost any city in the world, going to testify to the cosmopolitan and multiethnic character of a city enriched by different cultures to each other throughout history. The years of Ottoman rule are three very important mosques: the Gazi Husrev-Bey, one of Ali Pasha and the Emperor and Tsars. The first is the most impressive Islamic construction of all of Bosnia, and differs from other mosques for the architectural value of the external walls and to the advantage of the beautiful domes used for receipt of dervish. The Mosque of Ali Pasha, built in the classical Islamic bears instead of the beautiful ornaments which, in combination with the light filtering through the windows, paint a fascinating mix of stunning color. As for the Christian soul of Sarajevo, we remember the beautiful churches of Sveto Preobraženje (Orthodox), and St. Joseph’s (Catholic), which are in addition to the synagogues among these is the Old Synagogue, located at the center of ancient Jewish quarter of Velika Avlija.
Culturally speaking Sarajevo has nothing to envy to many other cities much more inflated, with many museums, theaters and universities that make up a varied and stimulating framework. The most important museums are: the Jewish Museum, the Museum of Literature and art of the theater Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Museum of the History of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Museum of Contemporary Art Ars Aevi. The most important theaters are the National Theater of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Youth Theatre of Sarajevo, which are held at various events. In addition to these institutions can be visited throughout the year, there are some interesting events that enliven the city every year in different periods, such as the Sarajevo Film Festival, the Festival Invernazle of Sarajevo and Sarajevo Jazz Festival.
As many will recall, in 1984, Sarajevo hosted the XIV edition of the Winter Olympics, an event which enabled to carry out numerous tourist facilities in the beautiful surrounding mountains, chosen each year by thousands of skiers. In this sense, the major points of interest are the mountains Trebevic and Bjelasnica, while other beautiful landscapes can be admired along the river Miljacka.
The continental climate is mild, the result of the mediation of characters typical of the climate of Central Europe with other characterizing the Mediterranean region. January is the coldest month (-1.3 degrees), in July the hottest (19.1 degrees), while the average annual temperature is slightly below 10 degrees. The rainfall, distributed fairly evenly throughout the year, reaching its peak in autumn, when they fall on average 266 mm of rain, going to contribute to an annual total of just generally more than 800 mm of rain. In winter the snow falls also abundant, both in the mountains overlooking the town, in town.
With regard to transport and infrastructure, Sarajevo has one of the most important airports of the country, the International Airport Sarajevo (SJJ), to which they route most tourists headed to Bosnia. Are still active in the city of very old trams, inaugurated in 1885, but still very efficient along their lines 7. Alternatively there are buses, while inadvisable to turn in the car.
Originally posted 2012-08-16 11:56:10.