Skopje, in Macedonian Скопје, Shkup in Albanian, is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. The city, which numbers approximately 700,000 and contains almost a quarter of the national population, is located in north-central part of the country, and represents the political, economic and cultural center of the country. Geographically it extends along the upper reaches of the river Vardar, a historically important hub for trade and traffic between Western Europe, Athens and the Balkans. Many sectors of the national economy are based in Skopje, in the periphery of which follow each other and the main industries in the center of which are the offices of trade and banking. Also important is the agricultural and livestock production, while a great impetus was given to social and cultural opening of the University in 1949.
The modern Skopje grew out of a settlement dating back several centuries before the birth of Christ, Scupi, conquered by the Romans and later became an important center before the later of Moesia and Dardania. Thanks to its strategic position in the Empire of Augustus it became the seat of a legionary fortress, abandoned after the collapse of the Roman Empire, which left the city in the hands of the Slavs, the Byzantines, the Bulgarians, Normans, until to become part of the Ottoman Empire, under which he remained until 1912. Much of the remaining Roman ruins were almost entirely wiped out by the tragic earthquake of 1963, which profoundly changed the structure of the urban center by starting to build a new suburb. Since the end of World War II, Skopje became the capital of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, Yugoslav remained under the aegis until 1991, when the Macedonia proclaimed its independence.
Once in Skopje , the first thing that strikes one is the massive stone bridge over the river Vardar, suggestive of the size and history that embodies. Entering the center you can see Baths Daut Pasha Hammam, made under the Ottoman Empire in 1466, within which is housed the City Art Gallery. Very beautiful is the Church of Sveti Spas, characterized in that it is half underground, requirement inherited from years of Muslim rule in the mid-seventeenth century in which no church could be higher than a mosque. Walking through the colorful streets of the bazaar district, east of the center, seems to be immersed in a Middle Eastern city, evoked by sounds, smells and flavors typical of many other latitudes. As for the museums, the main one is the Museum of Macedonia, by works and artifacts from different eras on the history of the region.
Skopje is also the city of Mother Teresa of Calcutta, which, although ethnic Albanian born here in 1910, and the city has many places connected with the life of a nun who lived here up to 18 years before devoting his life to serving the poorest and moving to India .
A skopje is a statue of Mother Teresa and her birthplace was recentemnete turned into a memorial. It is located in Via Macedonia, in the center of Skopje .
The most important event that is celebrated every year in Skopje is the national holiday Ilinden, or Day of the rebellion of 1903, celebrated on August 2nd. For the lovers of the advice is to taste the local wines perfumed, recommended especially in relation to the excellent value for money.
The climate is continental with cold winters and hot summers by the often stuffy. Temperatures tend to oscillate between 27 and 18 degrees in summer, dropping below zero in winter. The precipitation is low, less than those of many other neighboring Balkan areas, due to the disruption of the protective effect exerted by the heights to the Albanian border. In winter the phenomena occur often in the form of snow.
The international airport of Skopje is the largest and busiest in the country, polarizing almost all flights from Italy. Once off the ground to move the center is best to choose a taxi, cost-effective way and efficient, but alternatively you can take buses, viable option if you travel with someone who knows the different tracklines. The center is almost entirely pedestrianized.
Originally posted 2012-08-16 12:05:56.