Palma is the capital and the most important town of the islands Balearics. With almost three hundred thousand inhabitants, is situated in the bay of Palma where it was founded by the Roman consul Quintus Caecilius Metellus, in 123 BC. The first group occupied the space which is now the Almudaina palace, a high place located next to the old mouth of the river that passed through the avenue Riera del Born. After the Romans Palma was conquered by the Vandals from 455 to 534 and the Byzantines from 534, little-known historical periods. The Muslims, led by Isam al-Jawlani, conquered the island in 902 and gave the city the name of Madina Mayurqa. By the time the urban area increased considerably, so that it became a very important city Neil AI-Andalus, the Muslim Hispania. Over the years, in 1114 and 1115 it was devastated by the expedition of Pisans and Catalans.
After the Catalan conquest of James I, the last day of 1229, was adopted the name of Ciutat de Mallorca, translation of the Arabic name. Before the siege Christian King Catalan declared that Palma was “the most beautiful city he had ever seen.” The capital of Mallorca was equipped with an ‘Universitat’ or body of the municipal government, became the center of the new diocese Majorcan, created in 1238, and was divided into four parishes. It was built gradually an urban Gothic architectural style that dominated until the sixteenth century. submitted, while the remains of Arab slowly disappeared. Between 1276 and 1343 he was, together with the city of rossellonese Perpinyà (Perpignan), the capital of the kingdom of Private Mallorca.
After a period of growth and flourishing economy, supported by a major naval fleet, suffered a significant decline in population and socio-economic due to the Black Death of 1348, the epidemic of 1375, the assault on the Call-quarter jew – the 1391 and the flooding of the river Riera of 1403, according to the chronicles of the time caused five thousand dead. Between 1451 and 1453 the city was besieged by peasant rebellions in the countries of Mallorca and between 1521 and 1523 became the center of the movement of the “Artes”. In 1562 was begun costruizione the Renaissance walls that gradually replaced the old medieval enclosure.
The Gothic town, after a short period Renaissance gave way to the city and the Counter-Baroque, whose style It marked deeply the urban space with a large number of monasteries, churches and mansions, survived to the present day. During most of the seventeenth century. the city went through the intrigues and struggles between factions or gangs Canamunts and Canavalls and in 1715, at the end of the War of Succession, was the last Hispanic city to capitulate before the troops of Felipe de Anjou. In the new order Bourbon as “Ciutat de Mallorca” was replaced by that of Palma, a name that some scholars of the sixteenth and seventeenth century. had already returned to use. The liberal reaction of 1835 was a negative effect as floor inartistic demolition of monasteries and churches, whose typical example is given by the Gothic church of San Domenico.
The population growth of the nineteenth century. favored the creation of neighborhoods outside the walls, and in 1902 began a systematic demolition of the same. This made it possible to reduce the saturation of the urban city by creating enlargement marked by the “Avingudes.” These avenues are the most important stretch of road in the city and take up the line of the wall boundary. Population growth, the fastest since the fifties of the twentieth century, gave rise to the expansion of the urban area of the city and the creation of new districts, making parallel the historic core in administration, commerce and business, but limited compared to the number of inhabitants.
Originally posted 2012-08-23 16:28:59.