In general, the trip to Syria starts from the region of Damascus, in the memory of the great prophets. Here is buried Abel, Abraham was born here. The shadow of St. Paul is always on the road Recta of Damascus. On the heights with us shade of Muhammad covering the city, while Bosra reminds us of his initiation into the mysteries of monotheism by a monaco Christian.
Crossroads of different religions live together peacefully, the region is an invitation to the pleasures of sung for centuries. For palates, the Syria offers an endless array of mezze (appetizers), candy, candied fruit produced by the local orchards and is best araq (brandy flavor of anise derived from grapes) is instead the Druze mountains south of Damascus.
A pleasure that is also revealed in the aesthetic and elegance of the buildings of the city and taste for decoration, already evident in the Roman buildings and common Hauran in Jebel Druze. As for handicrafts, the capital of Syria gave the world the most beautiful fabrics, including the famous Damascus.
Damascus (Arabic: Dimashq in English: Damascus), located within the oasis Ghouta the foot of the mountain range Antilibano a height of 600 meters above sea level, is the capital and second most populous city in Syria with his two million inhabitants.
Geographically located in the south-west of the country, a few kilometers from the border of Lebanon, was founded in the heyday of the Mesopotamian civilizations, and initially was occupied by people of Semitic ancestry east, go down in history as Syrians. The first settlement so ancient, so that Damascus is considered by many as the oldest city in the world among those still inhabited. The Empire Aramaic was swept away by the arrival of the Roman army, who settled in the region for several centuries until 653 AD, the year that saw the conquest of all the territory from the Arabs. These proclaimed the capital of the Islamic city in 661, the title he held under the guidance of the dynasty Omayyademantenne up to 750, reaching its apogee in these ninety socially and economically. With a change of venue caliph in Baghdad, Damascus began a slow but steady political decline, lasted for several centuries, and only interrupted by two brackets medieval Ayyubid and Mamluk periods, when for a short time revived the glories of the past. Around the sixteenth century, with the advent of the Ottoman Empire, there was the final economic collapse, which could not but undermine the immense cultural prestige of the oldest capital in the world.
What to see during your stay?. Today, Damascus is a magical place, a little Aramean, a little Roman, a bit Arab, a city that time is not so far managed to erase, declared a World Heritage Site in 1979. The old town retains the old medieval charm, with its narrow streets and small squares where children will enjoy playing until evening, in respect of which seem to be silent even chaotic suburbs and unruly urban roads, the construction of which is not is properly regulated, making them a danger to a monument of history as Damascus.
Among the most interesting stands undoubtedly the great mosque (see photo) of the Umayyads (Ummayyad), in the district of Bāb Tuma, reachable through the Souq al Hamidiyeh, the most famous bazaar of the city characterized by a covered walkway along more than 600 meters, built between 706 and 715 by the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I taking in part of Christian cathedral dedicated to St. John the Baptist by the Emperor Constantine, already existing at the time built on the ruins of a pagan temple. The building, which also includes three beautiful minarets, was entirely covered in marble and mosaics on a gold background depicting pastoral scenes, but unfortunately due to adverse natural events and poor storage over the years, survives today only the facade of musalla, Islamic oratory.
Within a crypt are preserved the relics of John the Baptist, here called the prophet Yahia, as well as sacred for Christians, for Shiites and Sunnis. Around the mosque are scattered neighborhoods of the old town, an intricate fabric of narrow streets and low houses stacked next to each other, a maze busy and bustling, within which stands the Azem Palace (see photo), a building black basalt stone and clcarea in the eighteenth century as the residence of the Governor of the city Assad Baschal Azem, which now houses the Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions of Syria. Also arise in the surrounding Christian churches of St. Paul and S.Anania, surrounded by traditional souqs, markets that are a feast of colors, sounds and smells, where getting thirsty, textiles, leather and spices. Another important mosque is the Takiyya as Sulaymaniyah, designed in 1554 by Sinan, the famous architect turkish, protected the sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.
Not to be missed is a visit to the only museum worthy of note Damascus, the Syrian National Museum, with exhibitions and displays about every kind of artifact found in the area, from small plates of terracotta jewelery excavated important archaeological sites such as Mari, Ugarit and Ebla. As for the kitchen, it is advisable to dare and enter into one of the many downtown restaurants where you can taste typical dishes of the Middle East, you will be rewarded with appetizers, vegetables, kebabs, hummus, a local dish very spicy, a great variety of desserts, such as Baklawa, pastries, puff pastry filled with honey.
The climate is Mediterranean, with average temperatures rather high, that between April and late October are between 25 and 40 degrees, while in winter temperatures drop at 12/13. Rainfall is scarce, and are concentrated in the months of January and February. The international airport is 35 km south-east of the center, served by flights from almost every country in the Middle East and most of the European countries, and connected to the city by taxi and minibus. To move within the easiest way is by bus, cheap and accurate, while renting a car is quite complicated since there are many car rental companies.
Originally posted 2012-08-23 16:43:27.