Bagan was previously known as Pagan and is one of the ancient cities which is located in the Mandalay Region of Burma. The city was the capital of Kingdom of Pagan from 9th to 13th centuries. Bagan was founded in second century CE according to Burmese history.
Bagan is the place which is very well-known for the temples. During the period of 11th and 13th centuries there were approximately 13000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries in Bagan and currently there are still 2230 temples and pagodas still survive in Bagan.
The Bagan of Archaeological Zone is a main tourist destination over a period of time.
Places worth visiting in Bagan
•Dhammayangyi Temple: Dhannayangyi Temple is one of the enormous structures in Bagan and the architectural plan is also similar to Ananda temple. The temple was built by King Narathi who was also called as Kalagya Min, the “king killed by Indians”. The temple’s construction started in 1167 and was completed in 1170 and is located a kilometer away from Minnanthu.
•Thatbyinnyu Temple: Thatbyinnyu Temple is made in white and it owes its name from the Buddha. The temple was built by the King Alaungsithu. The construction for the temple was started in 1113 and completed in 1163.
• Ananda Temple: Ananda Temple is one of the masterworks of the Mon architecture. It is also the finest, largest, well-maintained and most esteemed of the Bagan temples. It was built in 1105 by King Kyanzittha. The temple is divided into two portions one marking the end of Early Bagan and also the beginning of the middle period. In 1990, the temple celebrated its 900th anniversary of its construction.
•Shwezigon Pagoda: Shwezigon was one of the most important repository shrine in Bagan and represents the new Theravada faith King Anawarahta had established in Bagan. It is known that the Shwezigon was built to enshrine one of the four replicas of the Buddha tooth in Kandy, Sri Lanka and it was to mark the northern edge of the city. The rest of the three tooth replicas were enshrined in other three more pagodas, second tooth replica went to Lawkananda Pagoda and third to Tan Kyi Taung. People say visiting any one of these four tooth replica in a day can bring opulence and blessing.
When to visit Bagan?
Bagan has a hot and dry climate throughout the year. In months between April to September, the temperature is around 32 degree and for rest of the months it gets dropped to 28 degrees and moreover for tourists to visit temples the best time is in the mornings as during the day it is very hot.
Originally posted 2012-12-10 18:08:13.