The really wonderful country Indonesia, and certainly unique in it’s macroscopic geographical fragmentation, resulting in significant environmental variety, ethnic and cultural. This country of south-east Asia, cut from equator, is actually composed of an unspecified number, but exorbitant, the islands, so much so that even the geographical texts agree: some say 13,677, some 17,508, some intermediate numbers, it is certainly Most of the archipelago on the planet. In the vast majority are small islands, or almost uninhabited, but the top ten include the fourth population in the world (230 million), with a very high density. Java, the island’s largest fertile half of Italy, with 7% of the area it concentrates itself more than half and Jakarta, the capital, with 12 million is a major Asian cities.
This huge ring of volcanic islands are scattered over a wide stretch of sea between the Indian Ocean to the west and the Pacific to the east, scattered in a 5,000 km long crescent but extended over a sea area of 8 million square kilometers between the countries South-east Asia and northern Australia to the south. Also includes 360 different ethnic groups, speaking over 250 languages and dialects and professing different religions, with the largest concentration of Muslims in one state, over 190 million. Moreover it is also the most intense volcanic area of the earth: its 400 volcanoes over a hundred are still active. Difficult to govern a country as large (six times Italy) and, above all, so fine and different, and in fact the problems are multiple and not easily solved. The territory is largely mountainous, with peaks well above the 5 000 meters, covered an area three times the size of Italy and tropical rain forests: Indonesia is 10% of the forest resources of the earth.
Flora and fauna are exceptionally rich, because this territory in the past has been a bridge and exchange between Asia and Australia, with the result that they have become one of the greatest biodiversity in the world, with a number of endemic species second only to ‘Australia. It is estimated that one third of existing plants and animals are present here. 13.6% of the territory is protected. The human population of the archipelago from afar: in Java have been found fossilized remains of Homo erectus older than a million years. Its strategic location on the sea lanes of communication and commerce in the Far East, there has always attracted Chinese traders, Indians and Arabs, then Europeans. The first historical settlements in the seventh century. were a host of Indian kingdoms who introduced Hinduism and Buddhism, followed by the XIV Arab kingdoms still coming from India and brought Islam.
In 1602 the Dutch arrived, then remained until independence in 1949, which made it the largest colony of the Netherlands , bringing Christianity. Today, the multifaceted Indonesian culture has a syncretic blend of influences, Indian, Arabic, Chinese, Malay and European, with excellence in dance and traditional music, in the production of tissue (the famous batik) and in the kitchen, made of rice and spices.
Tourism is concentrated in particular on three islands, Java, Bali and Sulawesi, extraordinarily rich history, art, culture and nature, as well as have good accommodations and even beautiful black sand beaches. Java, political and economic epicenter, is a place of extraordinary beauty of the green rice terraces and scenic volcanoes, with the heritage of a noble past which has left masterpieces of art and architecture. Do not miss a visit to the Sultan’s palace, a masterpiece of Javanese Hindus, in Yogjakarta, the ancient capital and cultural epicenter, at Borobudur , the largest Buddhist temple in the world (UNESCO site), the Hindu temples of Prambanan in the ninth century. and those of the volcanic plateau Deng, excursion inside the enormous caldera of the volcano Bromo.
The tiny and romantic Bali, the tourist pearl for its famous beaches and traditional dances in costume, is the only one where it is stored integrates the ancient Hindu culture, from the Muslim displaced elsewhere. Also worth a visit Buddhist temples of Besakih, the holiest place of the island, on the slopes of an active volcano, the volcano Batur with a turquoise lake, the archaeological area of Goa Gajah with a majestic temple underground.
Finally, the wild Sulawesi, the Celebes Dutch oddly shaped, with 4 large peninsulas which are detached from a nucleus central mountain, 11 th largest island in the world (over half of Italy’s largest) with a huge covered by forests and natural heritage several endemic species and a significant ethnic fragmentation. Here the main draw from Toraja, an ancient population of farmers and ranchers, animists and former headhunters, immigrated in prehistoric times from Vietnam . They live in remote mountain villages by huge wooden shacks by the curious shape of a ship’s bow, decorated with buffalo horns and sculptures in wood and stone are famous for the worship of ancestors and the funeral ceremonies, during which dozens of buffalo sacrifice and pigs and bury their dead in rock-cut tombs preceded by effigies, statues and mannequins with their features and habits of the extinct.
The operator of Milan “Adenium – Travel Solutions” (tel.02 69 97 351 www.adeniumtravel.it ), specializing in cultural tourism with accompanying qualified offers from 6 to August 21, 2012 a tour in Indonesia for 16 days dedicated to discovery of Java, Bali and Sulawesi. Departure by scheduled flights from Milan and Rome via Dubai , hotel stays at 4 and 5 star hotels with full board, escort from Italy, insurance, allowances to 4,780 euros.
Originally posted 2012-07-02 14:32:13.