Even those who do not deal explicitly known art, at least by hearsay, the importance of Flemish painting, which developed in early 1400 (thus coinciding with the birth of the Italian Renaissance, and the Tuscan in particular, with the which there were quite a few reciprocal influences) for the brilliant work of Jan Van Eyck and ruled unchallenged the scene of the painting in Flanders, the northern region of Belgium, for three centuries, but with heavy influences of the entire artistic production in Europe, up to reach their peak in 1600, and then completed shortly after, with masterpieces by Pierre Paul Rubens, the unsurpassed master of figurative painting which was able to skillfully mix light, shapes and colors. In a nutshell, the Flemish painting owes its fortune to a series of technical innovations, able to deeply modify the painting of the time and the next, such as the use of oil paints, the f igure in laying 3/4 and ‘ introduction of three-dimensionality.
The oil painting, than in tempera and fresco used up until then, let the technique of glazing with different degrees of nuance and greater chromaticism, with an endless variety of colors and tones, making the paintings, bright, beautiful increasing the depth and perspective. Until 1400 the figures were portraits in front or in profile: the Flemish masters began to portray them instead of 3/4, allowing you to capture more specific physical and psychological. For the first time is then highlighted the expressive power of light, of paramount importance especially in the decorative painting of interiors, with an almost photographic. Finally, with the three-dimensional color, brightness, and make prospects feel the viewer into the scene portrayed.
The Flemish painting, which positively influenced other art forms such as jewelery, ceramics, glass and tapestries, did not arise by chance. It was the most tangible expression of cultural and economic wellbeing merchant of Flanders at that time, ie the production and trade of clothes: no more then one client exclusively by nobles and clergy, but a production for the wealthy bourgeois saw in painting a symbol of power to show off. The towns of Flanders, the northern coastal region of Belgium, where Flemish painting more developed and where it can still detect trace amounts are the cities of Antwerp , Bruges and Ghent , and all within walking distance to the north of Brussels .
Antwerp (Antwerpen in Flemish) is the second city of Belgium and the second European port after Rotterdam , and industrial center in the world for the first amount of diamond processing. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. was considered the most active market in Flanders, specializing in textiles, spices and precious stones, while in the port anchorage for the Spanish galleons laden with treasure from the New World. It rises in the estuary of the river card, 88-km from the North Sea. Presents the medieval town near the harbor and modern neighborhoods radiating self-sufficient, separated by large green spaces. Few cities are able to combine so wonderfully ancient and modern eclectic Art Nouveau mansions facing fact Neo-Renaissance villas, while the ring was made by breaking down the medieval walls. Birthplace of Rubens, possesses several architectural masterpieces, from Notre Dame in the fourteenth century., The largest Gothic church of Belgium , at the Renaissance Hotel de Ville of the sixteenth and the ancient castle, now transformed into a museum with works by Rubens, Van Dyck and other Flemish masters.
Bruges (Brugge), the center of great historical and artistic traditions in medieval times was famous for its lace and wool trade, while in the thirteenth-fourteenth century. was one of the most important financial and commercial centers of Europe. Ancient port of the Hanseatic League, now is the best preserved medieval city on the continent, a true living museum stagnated at 7 centuries ago. Composed of two distinct nuclei historians, once fortified, now the walls have been replaced by elliptical channels, but they remain a testimony four ancient gates. Important tourist destination, the Gothic-Renaissance old town has many buildings of great value as the market-facing houses and medieval towers, the fourteenth-century Town Hall (the oldest in the Gothic style of Belgium), the Chapel of Holy Blood, Cathedral (the oldest brick Gothic church in Belgium) and the Gothic Notre Dame Cathedral, rich in works of art. Bruges was the site of the famous school of the brothers Van Eyck and many other masters of Flemish painting.
Finally Ghent (Gent), according to the Belgian port very active in trade with England, is the second largest medieval city in Europe after Paris . Its historic center revolves around the castle of the Counts of Flanders, dating back to the distant 940; has a main square like the other Flemish towns, but several sites of ancient market squares, flanked by buildings of various corporations, towers, bridges and houses along the canals, as well as a fine thirteenth-century Romanesque loft. Out of town do not miss the ancient Beguine convent typical of the Flemish cities with the church in 1242, famous for handmade lace.
Originally posted 2012-07-09 14:16:41.