Tour in Iran, The New And Ancient Persia



Do not be fascinated by press reports, generally very little compelling, about it: despite its questionable policies both domestic and foreign, Iran is a destination that deserves to be visited by every traveler educated and curious, even if the Women should do so with his head covered, for at least two good reasons. The first is to try to understand the reasons of policy choices so little shared not only in the far West, but also from neighboring countries, for a nation with its vast oil and mineral resources (4 th largest producer of oil, 6° natural gas, 8° of chromium) is presented as one of the richest and most advanced in the Middle East. Economic welfare but it is difficult to reconcile with the total lack of progress and liberty imposed by the inhabitants of the ayatollahs Shiite fundamentalist theocracy in power for over 30 years, in 1979 after the fall of the Shah Reza Palhavi, architect at the time of a significant modernization of society and industrialization of the country. It is certainly easier to understand a nation by visiting it, not by reading articles and books at home.

The other good reason is to discover the charm of a land that was the cradle of civilization plurimillenarie, able to write pages in fundamental ancient history of Eurasia. Iran, a vast arid plateau surrounded by rugged mountains and desert to the north and west, despite its continental climate with large temperature and low rainfall has attracted man since the dawn of history. In this land between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf were in fact followed from the fifth millennium BC, kingdoms, empires and civilizations such as those known to us by the Assyrians, Medes, Persians, Parthians, Sassanids, Arabs, Turks, Mongols, Safavids, Ghajars and many others, each of which has left traces and tracks essential, also incorporated in our culture. Long before Rome, the Persians were able to give birth to an empire that stretched from the Indus to the Mediterranean, including Thrace, the European Union and Egypt up to Cyrene in Africa. The monumental ruins of Persepolis, the city of King of Kings, and other capital blinds us to the idea only a small part of the pageantry of this refined civilization. What would our culture without the contributions of the Renaissance in the Persian arts and sciences, without the poetry of Omar Khayyam.

In Iran, there is plenty to see. Tehran is a metropolis of 11 million inhabitants (14 with the suburbs) at the foot of high mountains 4-5 thousand meters, the capital since 1789, had grown too quickly in the last century, full of traffic and smog, although with some elegant neighborhoods. Interesting the citadel, with several mosques and a huge bazaar, true city within a city, and valuable archeological museum, full of artifacts dating back to 7000 years ago, and the Museum of Glass and Ceramics.

Shiraz, the cradle of Persian culture, the university and capital in the eighteenth century, is a gracious city with wide avenues, beautiful buildings and gardens, was one of the most important of the medieval Islamic world. Persepolis is the most famous archaeological site, capable of itself justify the trip. It was the capital of representation of the Persian Empire built by Darius I in 518 BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in 330, conclusion of over a century of wars between Greeks and Persians. Today you can admire the remains of nine monumental buildings, full of columns, and stucco reliefs, including the palaces of Darius and Xerxes, the courtroom of real events, the treasury of the state, preceded by a monumental gate guarded with winged lions. Not far away is the Achaemenian necropolis, with the temple-tombs of Darius, Xerxes and Artaxerxes. Pasargadae instead preserves the remains of the first capital of the Achaemenid and the tomb of Cyrus the Great.

Yazd, the epicenter of the cult of Zoroaster, is one of the oldest cities of Persia, one of the many oases along the Silk Road caravan routes, offers ancient buildings of brick clay topped by wind-towers, ingenious ventilation chimneys. The quiet town of Isfahan, the heart of Shiite Persia, is considered one of the most fascinating in the Middle East, Iran and jewel of the Renaissance masterpiece Persian for mosque covered with blue tiles and blue, for elegant palaces and romantic bridges, all gravity on the central square, called one of the finest and largest in the world, among the many monuments do not miss the frescoes of the medieval Armenian cathedral. Kashan is an ancient and wealthy city artisan, specializing in carpets and ceramics, which offers valuable buildings with pretty gardens.

Originally posted 2012-07-14 17:50:48.

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