Located in the central-southern part of Moldova, Chisinau (Kishinev), capital and largest city of the state, is a welcoming center of 717,000 inhabitants almost totally rebuilt after the Second World War. The photographs of Chisinau tend to show vast expanses of concrete-lined square condominiums, however, the Moldovan capital is probably the prettiest of all Soviet-style city rebuilt after the Second World War. Just a block away from the main street, the concrete disappears and gives way to large green areas that span the entire city.
Mentioned for the first time in 1420, Chisinau fell under the influence of the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the sixteenth century to remain there until the beginning of the nineteenth century, when what had been a thriving city was reduced to a village of only 7,000 inhabitants. In 1812, Chisinau was in fact transferred from Turkey to Russia , becoming a reference center of Bessarbia. Its population to grow again reaching 100,000 units in 1885. At the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth century, Kishinev became a destination for tens of thousands of Jews fleeing Russia and Poland, where anti-Semitic sentiments were rapidly spreading among the population, so as to further increase its size and increase its weight the economic field. The high percentage of Jews, however, was the cause of two serious pogroms: the first 6 April 1903 and the second October 20, 1905, events that caused the mass exodus of the persecuted to Western Europe or even to the United States. Pass not without tragic consequences of the two world wars, the years of occupation and the Romanian Communist dictatorship of the USSR, Chisinau and Moldova gained independence in 1991.
In Chisinau the places of tourist interest are not many, because there are places to see “mandatory”, the Moldovan capital is seen more as a city to be discovered passeggiandovi turn and walk away. Unfortunately, its old center remains very little because of the bombing, but the city offers tourists a range of possibilities among which stand some fine museums and beautiful parks. The best place to start your visit is still the central area, where the most famous parks of Chisinau facing each other forming two diamonds in the heart of the city. This area to see: the Holy Door, dating back to 1841 and also known as the Arch of Triumph in Chisinau, the Parcul Catedralei, the “Cathedral Park”, dominated by the capital’s main Orthodox Cathedral, with its delicious bell tower of 1836, the Flower Market, open 24 hours a 24 on the northwest side of the park, the Government Palace, the colossal building in front of the Sacred Gate, the Parliament building, located a few hundred meters to north, and the Presidential Palace.
The Gradina Stefan cel Mare Sfint Publica, the public park, is the best area of Chisinau for walks. The entrance is dominated by the presence of a statue of Stephen the Great in 1928, Moldova’s largest medieval prince who still embodies the glorious past of the country. In the north-east of the park lies the great Fatherland Cinema, built by German prisoners of war in 1947 and still active. Detail and colorful, the central market is a good alternative to spend an afternoon. The shouting, the wild trading, the amount of people running across the vast area along Str Mitropolit Varlaam vaguely recall the atmosphere of the bazaars of Istanbul.
Among the major museums include the National Museum of History, the progenitor of all the museums of the city, which houses artifacts from the archaeological Orheiul Vechi; the Muzeul Plastice de Arte, which houses an interesting collection of contemporary European art, folk art , medieval icons and trinkets, the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, where you can see reconstructions of traditional houses of various regions of Moldova and a colorful display of mats, carpets and traditional hand-woven tapestries, and the History Museum of Chisinau , who traces the history the city since its foundation with photographs and archaeological finds, and the Pushkin Museum, housed in a cottage where the Russian poet Alexander Pushkin spent three years in exile from 1820 to 1823.
One feature that often surprises tourists visiting Chisinau is the dazzling nightlife of the capital of Moldavia, busy until dawn by bars full of people. In some clubs and some clubs have to be prepared to pass through metal detectors and to bear the exhibitionism macho bouncers, even if the atmosphere of the restaurant often repays the initial sopportazioni. To avoid local pretentious and fun in a student environment, you can visit the university debating society, open every Friday and Saturday from 20. Experience to try is to spend an evening at the Opera and Ballet Theatre, located in B-dul Stefan cel Mare, whose program is particularly rich and varied.
The climate is continental with cold winters and pleasant summers. During January and February temperatures are often below zero and it is not uncommon on the capital calamity cometh of moderate snowfall intensity. In the daytime high in July but far exceed the 20 degrees making the stay very comfortable. Rainfall is not abundant and usually amounted to around 450/500 mm of rain per year.
The only airport of Moldova is Chisinau, exactly 14.5 kilometers south-east of the center. The International Airport of Chisinau is therefore only one airport that handles international flights. The city has two bus stations: the Central Bus Station, from which leave most of the buses traveling inside the country, and the South Autogara de-vest from where buses depart to small towns in the south. The station was recently restored and is therefore very good for the eyes of tourists, who can count on trains quite efficient and clean. To get around the city but you can take a lot of buses and trolley buses that move from center to edge throughout the day.
Originally posted 2012-08-08 08:45:19.