The capital and largest city of Denmark is Copenhagen, the city is connected to Malmo, Sweden, incredible Øresund Bridge, the longest road bridge in Europe with its 15.9 km length. To some extent Copenhagen may be called the “Paris of the North”, a comparison is justified by the presence of numerous monuments and museums, but also by the pleasant atmosphere that permeates the whole city both day and night. To make it even more sparkling the city contributes to the Københavns Universitet, the renowned university founded in 1479 which houses nearly 40,000 students from around the world.
A little history
Although the first settlements on the island date from the Mesolithic Zealand, Copenhagen makes his first official appearance in the chronicles of the time in 1043, when it is described as a small village called Havn. In the thirteenth century, the settlement flourished as a center of commercial and merchant, later becoming important fishing port and a bishopric. In 1254 the town gained municipal rights, confirmed in 1286 by Pope Urban III in person. After centuries of battles and urban expansion, which reached its zenith during the reign of Christian IV (1588-1648), Copenhagen lived a very bad brackets between 1940 and 1945, when it was occupied by the German army. Since then the city’s growth has been continuous, unstoppable, thanks to the “plan of the five fingers” of the ’70s, during which five major rail lines were built to connect the center to the surrounding towns.
The historic center of Copenhagen is bordered on three sides by four major avenues: Vester, Gothersgade and Norre Voldgade. Here, the attractions of a cultural blend harmoniously into the urban fabric studded with fine buildings, both ancient and modern, emblematic in describing the prestige remained almost unchanged over time in the city. Radhuspladsen is the very core of the city activities. The square, which measures 165 x 150 meters, is dominated by the imposing City Hall, which casts its shadow on two monumental bronze lampposts and a reservoir built in 1908 by Martin Nyrop. To the right of the palace is the Dragespringvandet (Fountain of the Dragon), a handsome bronze monument in 1901 by Thorvald Bindesboll and Joakim Skovgaard, while nearby is the landmark that identifies the zero kilometer of road network in Denmark.
Continuing to the right, at the entrance of the gardens of Andersens Boulevard, stands a statue of HC Andersen, a prelude to ‘Hans Christian Andersen slot, the huge Renaissance castle on the side of one of the entrances to the park Tivoli. Inside the home of the Voks Louis Tussauds Museum, the Wax Museum, while a little further on is the Ripley’s Museum, a subspecies of the exhibition of the extraordinary and unusual. As mentioned, you can access from Andersens Boulevard in Tivoli, the legendary amusement park opened in 1843 by Georg Carstensen on a stretch of city wall. Inside there are a myriad of rides, restaurants of all kinds, theaters and concert halls visited annually by more than 5 million tourists.
The historic heart of Copenhagen is traversed by Strøget, beautiful pedestrian walkway that connects Radhuspladsen and Kongens Nytorv, its two main squares. This is supported by Gammeltorv, with which it forms a huge pedestrian area in the center of which stands an elegant fountain topped by a statue of Charity Renaissance. A modern buildings surrounding it were built in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, including the Domhuset, a building of 1815 by the imposing neoclassical facade. Frederiksberggade is the least ancient of Strøget, one in which the stores are Hennes & Mauritz, among the best examples of architecture nouvea Danish art. Nearby you can see some beautiful churches such as the Vor Frue Kirke (Church of Our Lady) and Helligandskirke (Church of the Holy Spirit), and the beautiful Frue Plads, walking between the rectangular and Nørregade Fiolstræde.
However, the most famous squares of Copenhagen Amager, animated day and night by a bustle of tourists and citizens. At its center is the Storkespringvandet (Fountain of the Storks), while beautiful buildings stand on the perimeter as the seventeenth century Mathias Hansens Gard, now home to the Den Kongelige Porcelainsfabrik, the historic porcelain factory also known as Royal Copenhagen. Near Amagertorv Købmagergade flows, the busy commercial axis that connects the Strøget with the historic campus. Among the best attractions of the area remember Rundetarn, the beautiful round tower forming part of a complex commissioned by King Christian IV in 1637 to Hans van Steenwinckel.
The island is the center of Slotsholmen truly monumental, with the Christiansborg and some of the best museums. Is mainly to animate Kongens Nytorv, the open square to the port-channel reservoir from Nyhavn, but most tourists are concentrated near Christinasborg, the strict three-story castle dominated by a tall tower topped by a spire covered copper. From Kongeporten, the imposing entrance of Slotplads, you reach into the ground Ruinerne af Bispeborgenog Kobenhavns slot, the ruins of buildings from the period between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries, while along three sides of the perimeter you can see the Ridebaneanlaegget, construction late Baroque arcades built between 1733 and 1745 by DE Hausser. Before you go out are to be admired even Kongelige stalde og karetmuseet, the royal stables complete with carriage museum.
Near Christiansborg there are some excellent museums. One of these is the Tojhusmuseet, housed in the building of Tojhus Lange, or the old arsenal, entirely devoted to the military history of Denmark . Even more fascinating are the Thorvaldsens Museum, a true celebration of the mausoleum of the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844), and Nationalmuseet, the most important museum of Danish cultural history, located within the Prinsens Palæ, the rococo palace designed by Nicolai Eigtved the mid-eighteenth century. The show proceeds in chronological order from prehistoric Denmark, which occupies the beauty of 23 rooms, continuing with the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the Baroque, but there are references to Greenland and the Danish West Indies, U.S Virgin Islands today. Moving north-east, at Dantes Plads, one can see the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, a beautiful late nineteenth century building which funds the museum of great importance.
To the north of the basin extends Nyhavn district Frederiksstad the eighteenth century, where is concentrated the most prestigious buildings in the city. The best known symbol of Frederiksstad is the royal residence of Amalienborg, a palatial complex from the mid-eighteenth century in which four main buildings surround an octagonal square. To delimit the southern side is the Kolonnaden, a beautiful neo-classical colonnade designed by CF Harsdorff in 1780, while the four buildings are arranged symmetrically Moltkes Palæ, the Schack-Lovenskjold Palæ the Levetzau Palæ and Brockdorff Palæ. In the second last seat of the Det Danske Kongers Kronologiske Samling, the exhibition illustrates the life of the royal family from 1863 to 1947.
Another area particularly rich in museums is that north of Rosenborg Have, the seventeenth-century garden flanked by Rosenborg Slot, beautiful Renaissance palace in the Dutch style. Worth seeing are the Statens Museum for Kunst (the Danish National Gallery), which offers the opportunity to see works of art by the best artists of European history, by Andrea Mantegna in Edvard Munch, and Den Hirschsprungske Samling, which exposes the collection the result of forty years of sponsorship of tobacco industrialist Heinrich Hirschsprung. Nearby is then Botanisk Have, the largest botanical garden opened in 1874 on an area previously occupied by the ancient fortifications.
It remains to be seen Christianshavn, the port district located at the northern end of the island of Amager. Despite the deterioration of the north-eastern areas of the city and proximity to downtown, Christianshavn has maintained its identity, in some respects decidedly unconventional. Here is Christiania, the self-governing district established in 1971 where they live fifty collective, each specialized in a particular activity. Sights, are the canonical Christianskirken, the church built by Nicolai Eigtved in 1755, and Vor Frelsers Kirke, the baroque basilica that stands on a wooded area at the intersection of Skt. Annae Gade and Prinsessegade.
Eating in Copenhagen
Perhaps not everyone knows that Copenhagen is also a popular place in the culinary field. The city, in fact, can boast a total of 11 Michelin stars, not counting the Noma (Nordisk Madhus) has been awarded as the best restaurant in the world, receiving a further Michelin star who went on to add one that boasted above. However, to avoid being left with empty wallets, you can choose less expensive solutions.
The Danes have a reputation for fact experienced restaurateurs. The midday meal, usually quickly, is based on “smørrebrød” (literally, buttered bread, usually rye). On a sandwich, according to local custom, you can put a bit ‘of everything: vegetables, small pieces of cheese, meat or fish. The meal is accompanied by full doses of snaps (brandy corn or potatoes) and beer. But the evening is that the Danish cuisine includes dishes as “strong.” After a soup or fish (great oysters in season Linfjord) followed by meat or game. A delicacy is the duck (or goose) with roasted apples or prunes. Among the drinks, beer is definitely the queen.
Copenhagen is also famous as a city of entertainment. Apart from the Tivoli, a park, near the center of town, open every day from May to September, from 10 to 24, are to report the many nightclubs, some of which provide entertainment for men only.
Between May and September there is most of the events of the calendar year in Copenhagen. The amusement park Tivoli is a hub of activity, hosting on average more than 150 concerts and performances each year. To this are added a number of locations scattered around the city, such as those that host the characteristic Copenhagen Summer Festival, a festival full of events staged in squares and streets of downtown. As for trade shows, however, the reference point is the Bella Center on Amager.
With the mitigating influence of the Gulf Stream, the climate in Copenhagen is not as rigid as you might expect. Of course, from December to early March is pretty cold and the average temperature is around 0 degrees, but from April the days begin to become progressively more attractive. Summer, except for brief periods in which the maximum may abut on the 30 degrees, there are ideal weather conditions, with temperatures ranging between 20 and 25 degrees during the day and nighttime lows around 15 degrees. The average yearly rainfall is between 600 and 700 mm of rain and tend to be distributed fairly evenly over all twelve months in January and February are frequent snowfall, however, rarely impose large accumulations of snow on the ground.
Note to tourists: Among the most common languages (after the Dane, of course), there are English and German.
Copenhagen has two airports: the Kastrup International Airport, which serves the nearby Malmö and is considered the 17 th European stopover amount of traffic and the Roskilde Lufthavn Airport, substantially smaller. As evidence of the efficiency of local infrastructure, the Kastrup has won 4 times the title of best airport in Europe and 2 times that of the world’s best airport. Calling at the port a large number of cruise ships, but there are also cargo goods. Public transport uses the S-tog, a network of suburban railways, which branches off from the central station to the suburbs, and metro, although many people prefer to move the bike along tens of kilometers of cycle paths.
Originally posted 2012-08-08 08:58:25.