Minsk, or more properly Mensk, is a metropolis of over 1,750,000 inhabitants in north-central part of Belarus, which is the capital since 1991. From an administrative standpoint, the city is also the capital of voblasc (region) and the seat of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Morphologically speaking, the center of Minsk is situated at an altitude of 270 meters on the banks of the river Svislac, while the surroundings do not count large suburban centers. Today, Minsk is the capital of a brazen of the few countries in the world free from any interference by the United States and Europe, and is better than any other city that gives the idea about life in the ’70s, in glory days of socialism.
Mentioned for the first time in 1067 and principal since 1101, before the principality of Minsk, in Belarus after the province of the Russian Empire and then of an independent state of Belarus, Minsk has been more than once on the verge of disappearing from the face of the earth . Destroyed by several fires, sacked by the Tatars of Crimea in 1505, reduced to rubble by the French in 1812 and deeply damaged by the Germans in 1918 and the Poles in 1919-20, the city had suffered most during the Second World War, when half the population died, including most of the 50,000 Jews who lived there. Over the past 50 years the population growth rate has registered a sharp recovery, mainly due to the industrial development of the country.
After the Second World War reduced Minsk to a heap of rubble, the architects of Moscow was given carte blanche to transform the ruins into a model Soviet city. Utopia was translated working with an excess of monumental classicism: wide avenues, squares and buildings endless gigantic backdrop to a city that, while it conveys a vague sense of oppression, the other is certainly suggestive. Minsk, clean and safe, but with few tourist attractions, shows its best imitation of what they do its inhabitants, frequenting the parks and cafes, meeting people and trying not to think about what happens beyond the gates of the presidential palace.
Minsk extends about 15 km from north to south and from east to west, and is crossed from south-west to north-east from the main road that connects Brest with Moscow, the monstrous praspekt Francyska Skaryny six-lane artery that is naturally main city. The most interesting area in terms of tourism is between ploshcha Nezalezhnastsi, looking very stern, and ploshcha Peramohi. Often, to cross the main thoroughfares there are subways, called perekhodi.
For starters you can enter on foot along the central stretch of the busy praspekt Francyska Skaryny that vulitsa between Lenina and vulitsa Enhelsa is the favorite meeting place for young people of Minsk . The wide ploshcha Nezalezhnastsi, “Independence Square”, is dominated on the north side, from the Palace of the Belarusian Government, and on the south by the equally proletarian Belarusian State University. A huge underground shopping center was built in 2005 in front of the one element that does not agree with the Soviet classicism that dominates the square: the Church of Saints Simon and Helena, a Catholic church in red brick in 1910. To the north-west of the square there are many nice shops and cafes, while an entire block is occupied by a tower with a yellow neoclassical left portal that resembles a Corinthian temple, the building of the KGB. Among vulitsa Enhelsa and vulitsa Janki Kupaly meets the liveliest square in the city, which is still known as Russian Oktyabrskaya pl. Here stands the imposing Palats Respubliki, building a profile very severe, which houses the largest concert hall in the city. Also on the square is the Palace of Culture of Trade Unions, the classical colonnade. The building next door houses the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, an exhibition of considerable interest where outstanding photographic evidence and findings of the period. A short distance away is Tsentralny Skver, “Central Square”, a small park set in a square where a market was held in the nineteenth century.
At the point where the river meets praspekt Francyska Skaryny Svislach, the road runs along two of the city’s main parks, the Park Janki Kupaly on the south-western front of the circus, and the largest Horkaha Playground, where there is a area with rides, attractions and various fast food kiosks. Just past the bridge, in a green wooden house close to the bank, is the Museum of the First Congress of Russian Social-Democratic Party workers.
Regarding Traetskae Prodmestse, or the old city, we report the presence of some major attractions: ploshcha Svabody, became the new city center in the sixteenth, on which stand the two baroque towers of the Cathedral of the Holy Spirit, the Cistercian Church, which now houses the historical archives of the city, the new city hall, very similar to the original building destroyed many years ago, the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, the oldest in Minsk, as she was built in 1613 and tastefully restored in 1871; and the Church of Santa Maria Maddalena, built in 1847 in the old orthodox style and cruciform covered by a majestic dome. In the center there are also the most museums and art galleries, such as: the National Museum of Belarusian History and Culture, which contains a wealth of monuments, the Belarusian State Museum of Art, where he exposed his most important Belarusian art collection in the country, and Mastatsky Salon, where you can see exhibitions by local artists.
The climate has characteristics typical of the continental and the maritime, with cold, snowy winters and short summers, wet but relatively warm. The winter, which generally extends from early November to late March, showed values well below zero in the minimum values, while the maximum can also reach the +2 / 3 degrees. The summer, though short and often rainy, heat is pleasant, with afternoon where you will be in 25/26 degrees. Almost all international flights fly to Minsk-2 airport, 40 km east of downtown, while some direct flights depart from the airport in the countries closest Minsk-1, 3 kilometers south of ploshcha Nezalezhnastsi. In Minsk there are several bus stations, ideal for moving within the state borders. Urban transport are monopolized by the two subway lines
Originally posted 2012-08-12 13:22:38.