Oslo, formerly also called Christiania and Kristiania, the capital of Norway. The city, which has 570,000 inhabitants, is situated in the southern part of the country and is included within the county of Oslo, whose boundaries correspond to those of the municipality. In the center is concentrated almost 12% of the national population, while the percentage exceeds 25% when considering the entire metropolitan area Stor-Osloregionen, “Region of Greater Oslo”, in which 1,150,000 people reside. From the geographical point of view, and morphological, Oslo has developed into a hilly and green at the bottom of the Oslofjord, a fjord of considerable size within the basin of the Skagerrak. Within the municipal boundaries are more than 40 small islands, while the highest is that of Kirkeberget, a mountain that reaches 629 meters in height.
According to Nordic myths and legends, Oslo was founded around the middle of the eleventh century by King Harald III Sigurdsson, later known as Harald Hardråde. However, in previous years to this date, the area was occupied by Christian populations, as demonstrated by some funerary artifacts dating to the late tenth century. If history is the foundation of the nebula, but it is absolutely certain the date of the proclamation of the capital city, which won this important award in 1299, the year of the conquest of the throne by Haakon V, the first ruler who moved permanently to Oslo and the chief advocate for construction of the Akershus fortress. At the turn of the fourteenth and the fifteenth century, Norway ended up being subjected from Denmark . These political developments came to resize very well the role of the former capital, reduced in a few years to a mere provincial administrative center. In 1624 Oslo was completely destroyed by fire, only to be rebuilt in a new location near the Akershus fortress by King Christian IV, who changed the name of the settlement in Christiania. With the advent of the nineteenth century and thanks to the newfound independence of Norway, Christiania, only to be called back as 1925 Oslo, began to regain the importance of commercial, social and cultural as it was before the annexation Danish. As evidence of this newfound splendor stand some of the finest buildings of the center, made precisely in this century, as the Royal Palace, Parliament, the University, the National Theatre and the Cathedral to name a few.
The city is quiet, yet lively and full of things to do, considering the importance and quality of cultural and natural offerings, and the many possibilities in terms of entertainment. To try to begin to orient you may make an initial division of Oslo in three areas: the center, residential areas and outside the peninsula of Bygdøy. Obviously it is in the center that collects the most interesting tourist sites and destinations, immersed in an atmosphere of conviviality that we expect from a Nordic country and then by definition emotionally cold. In addition to the trendy shops and most of the nightclubs, between the street Karl Johan and piers are located at Aker Brygge several important museum exhibitions, among them the National Gallery. Curious and original is the Ski Museum, supported by the very Holmenkollen, in which are preserved the evidence of shipments of two of the most famous navigators of Norwegian history: Fridtjot Nansen and Roald Amundsen. World famous is instead the Munch Museum, which exhibits the most famous works of Edvard Munch, one of the greatest exponents of Decadenstismo known throughout the world thanks to his most famous work The Scream, completed in 1893.
The symbol of the city is the fortress of Akershus. The outpost, built at the turn of the fourteenth century with the classic medieval Nordic is well preserved and are still visited many of the rooms that have made history: the reception room, the reception hall, the chapel in which contained in the crypts which lie Olav V and King Hakon VII and the dungeons, which were segregated and tortured prisoners of the empire the most feared of the fourteenth century Norway.
The peninsula Bygdøy or Bygdø, formerly also called Ladegårdsøen, is the area of Oslo in which culture and nature blend better. The strip of land, which lies on the western part of the city, it hosts Kon Tiki Museum, dedicated to the boat used by Thor Heyerdahl, the Norsk Folkemuseum, the museum of Norwegian culture, and the Viking Ship Museum, plus other showrooms less known. Also in this area lie the royal estates and Bygdø Kongsgård Oscarshall. As noted previously, even nature plays an important role for tourism in the peninsula Bygdøy in many places covered with lush forests that thin out only near the beautiful rugged coastline. The beach Hulk, partially reserved for naturism, is the most frequented by tourists and citizens in the few months when the temperatures allow to get in costume.
For an afternoon of relaxation training must go to the Vigeland Sculpture Park. The park, also known as the Sculpture Park, was established in an area within the Frognerparken, where an exhibition of sculptures, carvings and iron work of Gustav Vigeland, one of the most important sculptors of Norwegian history. The park is characterized by five major parts: the gate, which is the main entrance, consists of five entrances decorated with bronze reliefs by the bridge, made of granite and 100 meters long, on which banks were installed 58 statues, the fountain, the most imposing of the park, also in bronze and placed after the bridge, the terrace of the monolith, the most highly developed horizontally, on a terrace, and vertically, with the introduction of a monolithic column 17 meters high 121 and decorated with anthropomorphic figures intertwined, and the wheel of life, the hypothetical end of this path through the park, which consists in the sculpture of Livshjulet, precisely the wheel of life, in which seven human figures are woven between them by generating a circle.
The climate is temperate cold, humid summers and mild, and winters long and harsh. The months of June, July and August are the only ones in which the average maximum temperature exceeds, albeit slightly, to 20 degrees, while lows are generally between 10 and 13 degrees. From September to May inclusive, the days are still fresh, even if the absolute coldest month is January, during which temperatures vary between -2 and -7 degrees. On colder days the year you can also touch the -20, values that tend to freeze the final part of the fjord, creating an enchanting and very suitable to practice different winter sports like ice fishing, skating or cross-country skiing. Average annual rainfall, which are recorded in the peak summer season, amounted to 760 mm of rain, although from December to March is the snow from her mistress.
Near the city are two airports: the Oslo Gardermoen, the country’s main international airport, located in the locality Ullensaker and effectively connected to Oslo by rail, high-speed and Sandefjord Airport Torp, sizes are much smaller and much less hits. A means to hold in high regard is the ferry, with which you can easily reach all major towns along the sea in the area. The Oslo Sentralstasjon is the main railway station, from where trains punctual, clean and comfortable for all destinations. The Oslo Sporveier is the company that takes care of the urban public transport, solved through the use of buses and trams, underground and above all, whose line is the largest in Europe when compared to the population.
Originally posted 2012-08-13 12:14:14.