Located in the central-southern part of Montenegro, Podgorica is a city of nearly 170,000 people since 2006 the capital of the newly-born independent state of Montenegro. From the geographical point of view, Podgorica is situated in the fertile plain north of Lake Skadar, even at an altitude of 50 meters above sea level, in an area crossed by numerous rivers, including the Moraca and Ribnica, which cut the ‘village, the Zeta, the Sitnica, the Mareza and Cijevna that lap alone. Near the center there are some hills of moderate height, such as Malo Brdo, the Velje brdo, the Ljubovic, the Cardak, but also the Gorica hill from which derives the name of the city.
The oldest settlement in the area is Doclea, whose ruins date back to early times of Greece, ancient, and the present capital of Montenegro was born only in the eleventh century with the name of Birziminium, later renamed in Slavic Ribnica and only by first half of the fourteenth century Podgorica . The city, favored by its strategic location, it grew rapidly, becoming one of the most important commercial centers of the Balkans. Fell under Ottoman control in 1864 Podgorica was recognized as belonging to the Vilayet of Shkodra with the name of turkish Bogurtlen. Overcome the difficult years between the two world wars, the city became the capital of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro as of Titograd, in honor of Marshal Josip Broz Tito. Only in 1992 he resumed his original name, becoming the capital of Montenegro May 21, 2006.
Heart administrative, economic and cultural life of the country, Podgorica is a city that boasts many attractions, but still worth a visit. The commercial hub of the city revolves around the Sloboda Hercegovačka which crosses the heart of downtown with its many cafes and shops. And if the city does not satisfy the alternatives will not fail, because its position allows to reach in less than an hour’s drive is the sandy beaches of the Adriatic coast, that the eternal snows of Mount Durmitor, not to mention the beautiful scenery that characterize the rural area surrounding the city.
As a reference point for the culture of Montenegro, Podgorica National Theatre boasts a beautiful, lively both during the week and on weekends from theatrical and musical performances. Demonstrating the artistic importance of the city there are also numerous art galleries and several museums. These include: the Muzej grada Podgorice, or the “Museum of the City of Podgorica”, divided into four sections: archaeological, ethnographic, historical and cultural history; the Prirodnjački muzej, the “Museum of Natural History,” where plants are exposed and fauna of Montenegro , and the Museum of M. Miljanov. Within the beautiful setting of the castle is home to The Art Gallery Dvorac Petrovica.
Regarding the architecture, between 70 bombing during World War II and discutibilissime planning decisions taken in the years of Communist rule, there is very little construction is that of those medieval Ottoman slave, replaced by buildings and concrete buildings not certainly charming. Exceptions to the rule are some beautiful mosques and the ancient clock tower, one of the most significant evidence of Podgorica. Among the most successful modern architectures include the Saborni Hram Hristovog Vaskrsenja, or the “Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ”, built in 1993. Most notably is the Milenijum, the “Millennium Bridge” was opened in 2005 on the river Moraca.
Near Podgorica please visit the archaeological excavations, interesting and instructive, but also the area of Lake Skadar and Virpazar. A causeway leads to the cars and trains from downtown Bar on the east side of Lake Skadar, inside the park’s namesake. Maximum lake in the Balkans, Skadar is also one of the largest nature reserves for birds in Europe and, in particular, one of the few remaining habitats for pelicans in our continent. To the west, the causeway stretches out of the castle turkish Lesendro, 400 years old. Alternatively, you can go to Virpazar, where in summer you will find several vessels engaged in sightseeing.
The climate is influenced by its proximity to the waters of the Adriatic, therefore resulting in a mild winter and hot in summer. From November to March, compared with a high average rainfall, temperature readings are quite high compared to those of many other cities of the Balkans, with the minimum only occasionally fall below freezing. Starting in May, however, the values begin to increase sharply and is now nearly 40 degrees in July and August, when the center is often in the grip of the AFA.
Near the city is the largest domestic airport: Airport Podgorica, connected to some European cities. Podgorica is also a road junction and highway quite important, with the E65 and E80 that cross from north to south, and E762 which is the east-west joining the Bosnian and Albanian borders. From the bus station several trains depart daily direct to Belgrade or to Kosova.
Originally posted 2012-08-13 12:22:14.