On the birth of Prague you tell two tales: the first attributes its construction to the Princess Libuse, the second to the Jews expelled from Palestine in 70 AD. What is certain is that this point of easy ford of the Vltava River was inhabited since prehistoric times. The period of greatest development of the city coincides with the reign of Charles of Luxembourg, who united the three cities (Old – Stare Mesto-, New and Mala Strana), founded the University, and in 1355, obtained the imperial crown with the name of Charles IV, made it the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. Prague was, before becoming the capital of Czechoslovakia, the most important commercial and political center of the area czech. Called by some “golden city” other “city of hundred spiers” for its beauty is also called the Rome of the North. After the First World War, the collapse of the Habsburg Empire, became the capital of the new Czechoslovak state.
The unique natural position and over a thousand years of continuous architectural development make Prague one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. The capital of the Czech Republic is built on several hills and stretches on both banks of the Vltava River that bathes from south to north. Since the early Middle Ages Prague was an important merchant crossroads and place where they met scientists and artists from around the world. Each era has left a trace in his ways and the old town is a gallery of all the diverse architectural styles, from Gothic to the present. The Castle of Prague and St. Vitus Cathedral located on the left bank of the Vltava rialto dominate the city. In the castle are now the offices of President and it is home to many cultural institutions. Are open to the public rooms of the former royal palace and gardens of the castle offering a beautiful view of the city. The capital is a real gem among European cities. According to many ancient city on the Vltava River is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Prague is economic and cultural center of the country, but from the point of view of tourism is not the only attractive destination.
Prague definitely deserves the attention and admiration from visitors who go there from all over the world, but you can also visit many interesting monuments in its surroundings. Among the most popular are the castle of Karlstejn and Kutmi Hora, a town of miners. Kutmi Hora, reached from Prague by car within an hour, in the Middle Ages was called the treasure of the Kingdom of Bohemia. There was mined silver and was once second in size and wealth after Prague . One of the most popular tourist attractions from the point of view is now abandoned silver mines beneath the city. The visitors, equipped with lamp, helmet and traditional smock with hood, long pass into underground wells approximately 250 meters of the original medieval mine.
In typical local dishes can be enjoyed Bohemians, who are influenced by the German and the Austrian cuisine. Among the soups we remark with liver dumplings. Among the latter dominates the pork roast with the best knedlíky (balls of bread); to remember the famous smoked ham, known worldwide as a ham Prague . Dessert famous, palalinka, a crepe with chocolate and strawberry. The purchase is the traditional crystal of Bohemia, and the prices are very affordable. We recommend visiting the Castle, the Jewish Quarter, Klementinum (the largest building after the Castle), the Old Town Square (which is the heart of the city, Starometske), the square S. Wenceslas (meeting point of many Prague), the Dancing House (see photo), a must for tourists is the Charles Bridge (Karluv most), built in 1357 Swabian architect Peter Parler. Designed as a work of defense and entrance to Hradcany Castle, the bridge (516 meters long and wide 10) begins with a beautiful tower, adorned with the emblems of the United Countries of Bohemia . On summer evenings the bridge is filled with artists and musicians and all the inhabitants and tourists come to take a walk in the parade of statues.
Note to tourists: Many Prague know German. Also useful English, spoken in airports and hotels and in many shops.
Originally posted 2012-08-14 05:58:51.