Dhaka, or Dacca, is a metropolis of 13 million inhabitants situated along the river Buriganga, a channel of Dhaleshwari in the heart of Bangladesh, and its capital for 50 years. All around the conurbation covers the largest cultivation of jute in the world, whose development has been possible thanks to the special conditions of the terrain, generated as the alluvial plain of the Ganges River. Currently Dhaka is going through a very difficult phase in its history, due to rapid population growth in recent years which has led to serious problems related to quality of life in the region, plagued by problems of pollution and overpopulation, however, can not erase the long history of the most important cities of Bangladesh.
The foundation of Dhaka dates from around the year 1000 AD, although the city reached its peak only 600 years later, when flourished under the name of Jahangir Nagar as the capital of Bengal under the control of the Mughal dynasty. In 1765, closed florida brackets Mughals, which was most of the architectural and artistic attractions of the old town, the settlement came under the control of Great Britain, and in 1947 was elected the capital of East Pakistan. After years of political unrest, demonstrations and riots, Dhaka became the capital of the newly formed state of Bangladesh, officially recognized in 1971.
The area of greatest tourist attractions of Dhaka is the oldest, located beyond the north bank of the river, where you will find all the beauty of the Mughal capital. Inside the old city deserves to be seen first stretch of the river in front of the terminal river boats Badam Tole and Sadarghat, always lively and teeming with fascinating people and boats. Not far away you can see the imposing form of the palace Ahsan Manzil, a building constructed in the Baroque style distinguishable as painted a bright pink. However, the most famous building in the center is the Lalbagh Fort, also known as Fort Aurangabad, a Mughal fort commissioned by Prince Muhammad Azam in 1678, but never finished, beyond the building itself, surrounded by a monumental wall, deserve to be appreciated the beautiful gardens that surround it, adorned with fountains and colorful lakes. A short distance from the fort you can visit two beautiful mosques, including Hussain Dalan, the most important place of worship in the capital.
With regard to the aspect of museums, the main construction of Dhaka is the National Museum, located within the boundaries of the old European zone, currently known as the modern city, extending just north of the historic center Mughals. In the many rooms of the museum are a myriad of findings of disparate genres, even if the section is focused on the most comprehensive cultural and religious history of Bangladesh, told through the display of artifacts Hindu, Buddhist and Mughal and do not miss even the collection of craft items dating from different periods.
The climate is tropical monsoon, hot and humid for most of the year, during which we can identify two distinct seasons: the dry season and the rainy season. The first is between the months of November and March, when it falls no more than 10% of the total annual precipitation and temperatures are slightly milder with values ranging between 31 and 17 degrees. The rainy season, however, lasts from April to October, reaching a peak of rains in June and July, when in just 60 days can fall up to 800 mm of rain, often accompanied by strong winds and sometimes tropical cyclones; Add to this very high temperatures, with highs in May exceed 38 degrees minimum and never drop below 27.
A Dhaka is the most important airport of Bangladesh : the Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, more commonly known as Zia International Airport. The latter represents the main access door to the country and is connected with some important European capitals, as well as with the majority of the Asian cities. Once you land you will be confronted with the precarious state of public transport in the capital, almost always congested with traffic, while for suburban transport the advice is to focus on the river boats to trains and buses.
Originally posted 2012-08-25 19:12:33.