Dushanbe (or Dushanbe) is a city of six hundred thousand people nestled in the mountains of Tajikistan at 800 meters above sea level. And now surely one of the most beautiful Central Asian capitals, thanks also to the social and cultural renaissance that is living a few years. The history of the Tajik capital is very recent, it is a place that until the twenties of the last century was no more than a small village, and when the last Emir of Bukhara took refuge in Dushanbe fleeing the Bolsheviks, the Red Army pointed directly over the town, which for some time resisted the advance of the Russians thanks to the intervention of the guerrillas Basmachis, only to succumb to a few years later.
It was in 1929 that, following the construction of the railway, Dushanbe was chosen capital of the newly formed Soviet Republic of Tajikistan with the name of Stalinabad, which he held for several decades until the time of Cruscev. Has become a major center for the processing of cotton and silk, the central government decided to move here thousands of workers, to which were added later Tajik migrants from the cities of Samarkand and Bukhara-who had in the meantime passed under the administration of the Uzbek – contributing decisively to transform the town of the province in an industrial town and administrative.
There were no significant historical events during the twentieth century, until, since 1990, the nationalist demands of the population turned into riots and revolts, continued the following year with the collapse of the Soviet Union for the lack of changes in the territory. So it was that the civil war broke out in the city between armed groups from the various factions, forcing the Dushanbe for over a decade to live with the evening curfew, since 2002 the situation seems to have stabilized and now, after one by one were erased the bullet holes on the walls of the buildings, the capital has returned to live.
Most of the attractions are located along the tree-lined street called Rudaki Prospekt, the main street and the heart of Dushanbe, which extends along the north-south axis, although there are other interesting areas in the city. The National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan, which is open from Tuesday to Sunday, hosts exhibitions, objects, historical artifacts of the first order and a statue of sleeping Buddha thirteen meters long and dates back to over 1500 years ago. Is also right next to the small ethnographic museum which has a collection of local artifacts, but it is certainly much less interesting and spectacular than the first. In the square (maydoni) Ayni, the National Museum Bekhzod hosts various exhibitions, including that of gems and other collections in the Soviet style, to end the tracking on museums, we report the Gurminj, which has within it a vast display of instruments traditional music.
Leaving outdoors to enjoy the city, you can admire the Haji Yakoub Mosque and Medressa, with its burnished gold dome and the minaret topped with a crescent, or alternatively, the front of the office of the Association of Writers is decorated with portraits in stone of the major Persian writers of the time when Tajikistan was controlled by that empire. The Ayni Opera and Ballet, as well as the Hotel Vakhsh buildings that are worth a look, the latter, in particular, was chosen as a refuge from the bands of mujahedin during the civil war and literally targeted by enemy fire. As for the statues and monuments, the Statue of Ismail Samani-leader Samanids lived in the tenth century-is now in the place of that of Lenin, while further north there is a large statue of Rudaki.
The inevitable bazaar, bustling markets and picturesque that characterize all of Central Asia, are the commercial heart of the city, and the most important of this is the Shah Mansur Bazaar, specializing in food. The Bazaar Barakat however, until it is replaced by a new architectural complex used for other purposes, will be the place to see and purchase the local tissues.
The main parks in Dushanbe, perfect for relaxing, are the Orto Botanico (whose entry costs 1 Somani) or the very popular park to Lake Komsomol, where there are many attractions for families. Victory Park, finally, can be reached by the ropeway is simply outstanding Soviet and watch the sunset over the city from up here. Among other things, here is an interesting monument to the Second World War.
Air connections between the city and the rest of the world entrusted to it, as well as the national airline, although other Asian companies, for various locations in Tajikistan are usually daily flights, while Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan) and Almaty (Kazakhstan) v are just a few week. Minibuses, buses and taxis in service between the capital and other cities of the country depart every day from different parts of the urban area, since the list of locations served extremely long and varied, it is advisable to inquire locally about the vehicles and stations or stops to start the trip. In general, with regard to taxis, it is recommended to choose when the car on which can go up, because there are many in poor condition.
Originally posted 2012-08-25 19:36:29.