Sana’a, Journey In The Capital Of Yemen



Sana’a (Sana) is the capital of Yemen, a part of the World Heritage protected by UNESCO. Equipped with a unique architecture, with its tower-houses and a window decorated with stained glass, has the largest traditional market of the Arabian Peninsula, Suk to Melh, several caravanserais, several hammam and a large mosque, one of the most oldest and most prestigious in the Muslim world. The magic of Sana’a, the urban center of the oldest in the world, takes visitors through the maze of narrow streets and souks.

The myth has it that it was founded by Shem, son of Noah, the first city after the flood. According to historical records, the city was founded by the Sabians in the first century, the date on which it appears for the first time the name of Sana’a.

At that time, Sana’a as a castle town, the crossroads of the territories of seven different tribes, the equivalent of a Hijra, or neutral zone, where the itinerant merchants traded-no and they stopped the caravans. He had to be near the present fortress Al Qasr, at the foot of the mountain east of Sana’a, while later the city has developed in the western plain.

In the third century the Sabians built the Palace “Gumdam”, which is said was likely 20 floors and had a roof of alabaster. It was destroyed at the beginning of the sixth century and the pie-three were reused to build the Great Mosque. In 525, the Christian Abyssinians invaded the Yemen and built a cathedral in Sana’a, with the aim of making the city a Christian religious center that could rival Mecca.

In 575, the Sassanid Persians overthrew the Abyssinians and took Sana’a: it was the end of the Christian power in Yemen. In 628, the Persian Governor Baydhan, who lived in the palace Gumdam in Sana’a, he converted to Islam. Sana’a became the capital of the highlands under the Zaydi imams, but its importance grew with the two Turkish occupation (sixteenth and nineteenth centuries). During the Civil War (1962-1970), the royalists besieged Sana’a from 1 December 1967 to 70 days, but failed to take it.

Buday Sheik bin Salem Al Maktum revealed its intention to implement a number of large investment projects in the tourism sector in Yemen. Among them, the construction of a hotel complex in the capital Sana’a, the first of its kind in Yemen, at a cost of about $ 200 million. Speaking of the project, Sheikh Mohammed Al-Ashtari said the hotel complex will be built according to a new system is not yet applied in Yemen. The project will include an entire city of entertainment as well as spas, accommodation and hotel services of high quality. It also stated that the project will be located in suitable location in the city of Sana’a and that work will begin by the end of 2007.

Just 15 km from Sana’a, Wadi Dhar is a real marvel: the summer residence of Imam Yahya, from a rocky outcrop overlooking the orchards and gardens of the small valley between the high craggy peaks.

Originally posted 2012-09-12 04:06:57.

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