The capital of South Korea is Seoul. A symbol of the economic power of the world such as South Korea, Seoul is rich in every respect, social and cultural, architectural and religious, political and artistic. The excitement that animates the streets of the city is the mirror of a society that has reached a high standard of living, characterized by shopping in the boutiques of the most important international brands, from dinners in luxurious restaurants and continuous updates in the electronics and science. Modernity and desire for change, are still preserved the traditions and the ancient Korean culture, testimony of the glorious past aristocrat who lives in today’s Seoul thanks to the beautiful palaces, temples and monuments.
Seoul became the capital of Korea following the founding of the Joseon Dynasty by General Yi Seong-gye in 1392. In the space of just ten years, the city’s population reached 100,000 units, making Seoul the most important city of the Korean Peninsula. Neo-Confucianism was the dominant philosophy of the dynasty, so that the Buddhists were relegated to the mountains and the Catholics were bitterly persecuted. The rigid feudal system focused on sovereign, aristocrats, peasants, slaves and pariahs was changed little over the centuries when, in 1910, began the Japanese colonial rule. Over the next 35 years the country was involved in the ambitious project of getting the Japanese domination over Asia, a plan materialized with the destruction of many of the historical buildings and the banning of the Korean culture. Since 1948, Seoul is the capital of South Korea
The main historical sites, places of tourist interest and the best possibilities for accommodation are concentrated in the districts of Gwanghwamun, Insadong and Tapgol Park, and Myeong-dong, Namsan Seoul Tower and form its southern border. Itaewon shopping district and entertainment, is located south of Namsan, while further south flows the Han River, which rises in the middle of the island of Yeouido, an important administrative center. To the south of the river, the modern district of Gangnam, within which are located the giant shopping mall, COEX Mall, Olympic Park, and World Lottle.
To begin with we can go to Gwanghwamun, where the Gyeongbokgung, a lovely palace built by King Taejo in the fifteenth century. Within the complex is open to the National Folk Museum, while outside you can admire some shamanic stone statues and wooden poles that once served as the entrance to villages protection. In the same neighborhood are also outstanding: Deoksugung palace, the king Seojo, which includes gardens, ponds and a wide variety of architectural structures as a concert hall, a hall for tea and two neoclassical buildings of the twentieth century, one of which houses the National Museum of Contemporary Art; Cheongwadae, the residence of the President, also known as the Blue House, a white building with the blue roof covered with tiles, and the Seoul Museum of Art, a new art gallery in which are shown several exhibitions dedicated to different styles of modern art; Gyeonghuigung, a palace built between 1617 and 1623 in the vicinity of which there is a beautiful park, and Bosingak, a pavilion located along Jongno that houses inside a modern version of the bell town was originally forged in 1468.
Moving in Insadong are visited Changdeokgung, a palace in a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Changgyeonggung Jongmyo, the two buildings Changgyeonggung, built in the early fifteenth with relatively modest proportions, and Unhyeongung, the ancient residence of Heungseon Daewongun. Do not miss Jogyesa, the largest Buddhist temple in Seoul, built in 1938 on a project whose style modeled on that of the Joseon Dynasty. Inside are murals depicting various scenes from the life of Buddha and the carved doors trellis with floral motifs. To spend an afternoon outdoors you should head to Tapgol Park, a park that owes its name to the marble pagoda in 10 steps, 12 meters high, built in 1470 and decorated with beautiful engravings Buddhist.
In the south-east of the city lies the district of Myeong-dong. Here stands the Seoul Tower, where there are restaurants and shops. On top of the tower a large roof terrace allows you to enjoy a spectacular view of downtown. If modern Seoul Seoul Tower is the symbol of the last thirty years, the Great South Gate Namdaemun is without doubt one of the most important national historic treasures, having been built in 1398. The “Great South Gate” then marks the beginning of the bustling Namdaemun Market, near which stands the Catholic Cathedral of Myeong-Dong, an elegant brick building in the Renaissance style.
Some photos deserve to be printed on a postcard you can take in the western part of Seoul, where you will find the World Cup Stadium, the sci-fi stadium from 64,000 seats built for the World Cup in 2002 compared to an expense of $ 151 million, and the Yongsan Park, which extends south of Itaewon, quiet green area with trees and ponds that are the ideal setting for a picnic.
In recent years in Seoul were established events of all kinds, among them we remember the flower festival, the animated film, avant-garde theater, dance, video, and percussion. In general, the most famous events remain: the Seonnong-je (April), an evocative representation that recalls the prayers of hope of a good harvest, the Jongmyodaeje (May), held at the Temple Jongmyo with a royal procession that follows the Confucian ritual lasting seven hours, the Buddha’s Birthday (May), a majestic parade starts from Tapgol Park to get to Jogyesa, the Seokjeondaeje (September), a ceremony held in the courtyard of the Temple of Confucius at Sungkyunkwan University; and Sajikdaeje, the representation of a real thanksgiving ceremony at the altar of Sajik Park.
The climate of Seoul has significant temperature variations between the summer, when temperatures vary on average between 22 and 29 degrees, and winter, during which both the highs the lows are below zero. The rain falls between June and September, the monsoon season, when they fall most of 1370 mm of rain each year bathe the capital.
Transport concern around Incheon International Airport, located 52 kilometers west of the center, where arriving and departing domestic and international flights, while the smallest Gimpo airport is designated exclusively to traffic within the boundaries of Korea. Trains and buses provide interesting alternatives to the car to move outside the urban area, route any time of day from the many buses and especially the subway, open until 24.00.
Originally posted 2012-09-12 04:17:57.