The history of Abkhazia has its roots as far back as the Paleolithic, when the first people settled in the area near the Black Sea, mainly in caves near rivers. In the Neolithic inhabitants of the region are already devoted to agriculture and the breeding of animals, while around 2000 BC had already developed some rituals such as the building of tombs dolmens (many headstones are still visible in the country, especially in the area of village Otkhara). It from the eighth century BC on the coast begin to arrive traders, mainly from Greece, here are the first cities – Dioscurias (now Sukhumi), Ochamchira, Gagra and Pitsunda – that would soon become an important cultural and commercial centers Black Sea When the Romans took the place of the Greeks in the first century AD, the names of the places changed and the old Dioscurias became Sevastopol.
The history of Sukhumi, like the rest of the entire Abkhazia, has been marked by numerous foreign occupation (among others, as well as the Romans, the Byzantines and the Arabs remember) and in more recent times, since the nineteenth century, it became a protectorate of Russia. With the coming to power of the Bolsheviks, in 1921 the region was declared a Soviet Socialist Republic, only to be transformed, just ten years later, in an autonomous entity which is part of the former Soviet Republic of Georgia. With the phasing out of national Abkhaz, the discontent grew for decades until, in 1992 – with the fall of the USSR took place – the local government voted to reinstate the old Constitution of 1925, this act was the spark that triggered the war by the Georgi a, then recently joined the UN. After over a year of genocide, destruction and annihilation of all historical and cultural material found, the territory of the small nation was finally freed and declared independent, although to date there are few countries in the world that recognize Abkhazia as a sovereign nation.
Among the various tourist attractions that the small capital Sukhumi boasts remember the Fortress, located on the waterfront not far from the city’s beaches. Originally it was the Romans who built a fort here in the second century AD., And more than fifteen hundred years later, on the ruins, it was a new one erected by the Ottomans. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the fortress was converted into a prison and subsequently destroyed by the Soviets, although the present building is a reconstruction from the Russians just a few decades ago.
If you are interested to archeology could visit – Monday to Friday – even the State Museum, and to enjoy some relaxing time there is no better place at the Botanical Gardens, founded in the nineteenth century by Dr. Bagrinovsky with the aim of having available to plants to treat soldiers, the war against the Turks in 1877, however, was the cause of the destruction, and only twenty years later began a process of relocation of plants in the garden, to the nth destruction caused by the war 1992. Among today’s reasons for pride of the garden is an old lime tree over 300 years old, so the opening of the previous structure.
Always those looking to relax, we report the Park of Glory (Slavy Park), located right in the city center, the park is dedicated to those who fought the war of 1992-93 against the invading Georgian houses and a monument created by sculptor Amiran Adleiba.
In the western part of Sukhumi is the famous lighthouse built in 1861 in Paris at the request of Russian Military Navy Department. The lighthouse, 37 meters high, is capable of projecting the light at a distance of 24 km from the summit you can enjoy a trepitosa s view of the capital and its surroundings. His story is quite difficult, and during the aforementioned war against the Turks, at the end of the nineteenth century, his lamp was stolen as a trophy by the invaders, and in much more recent times – in 2000 to be precise – it was off to a long time due to lack of funds for maintenance. Since 2008 he is back working perfectly.
The Hill of Sukhumi (whose ancient name was Samataa-Rkhu) has a height of about two hundred meters above sea level rising to the north-east of the capital, this site also has some historical significance, dating back to ancient times. Today the hill is popular with visitors mainly for the panoramic view of the entire bay that can be enjoyed from the top.
In the immediate surroundings of Sukhumi, just six kilometers from the city, we find the interesting Besletsky Bridge, also known as the “Venetian Bridge” or “Genovese” despite evidence that was built in the Middle Ages by local architects. The structure, built of stone, is still capable of withstanding the traffic of modern vehicles with a maximum weight up to 8 tons and was the only architectural example of this kind in the country.
From Zugdidi (Georgia) to the southern border of Abkhazia will spend about five euro for a taxi journey of just over twenty minutes., What you may need to know is that the border must overcome several roadblocks, including which respectively one Georgian, one (bearing) of the Russian security forces, and one Abkhaz. After making the necessary controls, with a marshrutka or a bus you can reach the capital Sukhumi. It should be noted, finally, that in order to enter the country need a visa locally, can be requested in advance to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Abkhazia by calling or filling out the form on the internet.
Originally posted 2012-09-13 06:10:12.