Yerevan is a metropolis located in the central-western Armenia, and its capital since 1991. From the geographical point of view, the settlement is located near the turkish border, at the foot of Mount Ararat and along the banks of the river named Hrazdan at almost 1,000 meters above sea level. The center, which is one of the oldest architectural remains in the world, is surrounded on three sides by two small hills that slope down from the mountains of Ararat. While not almost never mentioned among the international tourist destinations, Yerevan is a city that has much to offer and deserves to be visited with a view to a very special, different from the usual, during which the waiver will be amply rewarded with some comfort emotions that only the historical and cultural heritage of a country with a rich history is able to transmit.
The oldest remains found in the area of today’s Yerevan dating back eight centuries before the birth of Christ, when Urartu settled there and founded Erebuni. Since then this place has begun to be of strategic importance within the arena of trade between Europe and Asia, with a large caravan routes that passed just from Yerevan. Precisely because of its placement, the center was the subject of a centuries-old dispute between Persia and the Ottoman Empire, settled in 1827 by Russia which took possession. After the Revolution of 1917 and for only three years Yerevan capital of Armenia was proclaimed independent, then re-annexed to the Soviet Union, and then clear again since 1991.
Most of the attractions are concentrated in the oldest part of the city, where the streets form a grid asymmetric converges in the heart of downtown Republic Square. On this square, formerly known as Lenin Square, facing the windows of many shops, Hotel Armenia and major foreign banks, and it is always where the people gather on the occasion of the most important holidays. The other main streets where there are some basic tourist services are Ulitsa and Ulitsa Abovyana Machtots, formerly known as Prospekt Lenina, but if you are looking for a little green among the gray concrete you have to go in the eastern part of the center, surrounded by a semicircle of parks.
Particularly striking is the panorama museum in Yerevan. The most important museum is the State Historical Museum, opened in Piazza della Repubblica, which needless to say celebrating the glories of local history. Although not an actual museum, the Matendadaran is one of those stages that you can not really jump. This austere building hosts one of the most important treasures of the Armenian culture ever, with over 12,000 ancient manuscripts dating from the ninth century, preserved for study and conservation. Very exciting is also the Erebuni Museum, near which stands the Monument of Armenian Genocide Memorial, dedicated to the million and a half Armenian citizens victim of the genocidal campaign of the Ottoman 1915. Also with regard to the monuments, certainly deserve to be seen the equestrian statue of Vardan Mamikonyan, who led the Christian Armenian troops against the Persians, and the statue of Davit Sasuntsi, the most famous epic hero of the country.
As evidence of heterogeneity of its attractions, Yerevan offers tourists also splendid theaters, proscenium of a musical movement continues to grow. The most important is the Opera House, which in 1937 received the award for the best architectural design and building that now houses the Khachaturian Hall, where she performed the Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra. Very popular is also the Komitas Chamber Music Hall, which despite interventions “brutalist” Soviets is still today one of the most beautiful theaters in the country, and to show where the Komitas Quartet, which takes its name from a famous composer and ecclesiastical Armenian.
The climate is continental, with cold winters and snow, and hot summers. If from December to February is almost always below zero, from June to August, the highest consistently exceed 30 degrees, creating an overwhelming sense of sultriness in all those who are outside. On the other hand, precipitation is rather low for all twelve months of the year, during which you experience light snowfall in winter and short summer showers, however, to see when rain is a rarity.
The most important airport in the country is located 10 kilometers west of the center of Yerevan, this is Yerevan Zvartnots Airport, whose name refers to the nearby site of Zvartnots UNESCO World Heritage Site. All international flights land here, most of whom come from Moscow or from the grandest capitals Middle East. From the center is easily accessible via two bus lines, a service that goes to implement those guaranteed by the underground network, the only state that covers not without some shortcomings the May part of the city and its suburbs.
Originally posted 2012-09-26 14:05:48.