They either fall in love at first sight more passionate about it after having visited for a while. All, however, agree on one fact: Budapest is, by its geographical position, one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The large, majestic Danube divides it in two: Buda, with its ups and downs, and Pest, which is flat. In the middle of the blue Danube stands the green Margaret Island, and caves, hot springs, natural protected areas are the lungs of a bustling metropolis and nature of its 2 million inhabitants. Among the historical monuments, the city also includes the Roman amphitheater and the turkish bath, along with numerous buildings in typical Hungarian liberty.
The area on which it stands Budapest was already inhabited in the Paleolithic age and go into history as Akink (abundant water) as a settlement of the Celts Eravischi, conquered by the Romans during the Pannonian wars. When Rome withdrew its legions, passed on Pannonia, in the following centuries, the Huns, the Ostrogoths, the Lombards and Avars. The latter then followed a long Turkish occupation, which ended only in 1686. The recovery, after years of turkish yoke, was also slow because of the Austrian domination. But when the two monarchies (Austria and Hungary) were separated (1867), it only took up so incredibly fast. And it became even more after January 1873, when occurred the union of Buda and Pest in the only city of Budapest. The development will stop only with the wars, especially the second, the bombing of the city will cause the loss of more than twenty-five percent of the buildings.
The buildings of the Danube to Budapest recount the various epochs of the Hungarian capital and the whole scenario is one of the most beautiful and stunning views of the world. They are part of World Heritage: the Buda side, the large number of buildings the area between the Polytechnic and the Chain Bridge, Gellért baths, the statue of liberty on Mount Gellert, and the Citadel , and the palaces of Castle Hill and the Danube to the Margaret Bridge, on the Pest side of the Parliament, Roosevelt Square – the Joint Chain Bridge – with the Academy of Sciences and Gresham Palace, and the embankment to the bridge Petőfi.
The Buda side is formed at the time of the “conquest of the homeland” by the Magyars (896), but only flourished in the thirteenth century, when King Béla IV, to defend against the Tartars, he built a fortress on the hill. In 1347 the royal court moved to Buda and at that time began the expansion and transformation of the fortress into a castle, according to the Gothic era. During the reign of King Matthias, the castle became a splendid Renaissance royal residence. The subsequent rule of the Turks, which lasted nearly one hundred fifty years, the city was liberated in 1686, but three months of hard siege caused significant damage to the castle and the entire area. He put his hand well with restoration, in Baroque style, reusing the materials of the medieval era. With the unification of Buda, Pest and Obuda, born 1873 in Budapest, which was built for a new royal palace, but during the Second World War, suffered considerable damage to the neighborhood together. With the removal of the ruins began also to archaeological excavations, ongoing, and the restoration of medieval ruins found.
At the front, on the Pest side, stands one of the most beautiful buildings of the Parliament of the world, 268 meters long, from whose dome rises 96 meters, it enjoys a magnificent view, increasingly dominated by the Danube. Open for group visits, arouses great interest not only for the beauty of its halls and staircases of its sophistication, but also for its golden decorations, frescoes and statues made by the greatest painters and sculptors. The Palace of the Parliament holds the crown of St. Stephen, first king of Hungary, in the year 1000. The first permanent bridge built over the Danube was built in the nineteenth century to plans by the English engineer William Tierney Clark and Scotland under the direction of Adam Clark.
In 2002 have been included in the List of UNESCO World Heritage Andrássy Avenue and its historic area, and the Millennium Underground and Heroes Square.
The birth of Budapest, after the unification of Buda, Pest and Obuda, imposed a huge development to the entire urban area, coinciding with the preparations for the celebration of thousandth anniversary of the “conquest of the country.” In this period he was given accommodation at the Andrássy Avenue, according to a unified architectural design. In the section near the center, are neo-Renaissance and Art Nouveau buildings, while in the central section – wider – the road is divided into three lanes, with double-lined avenue, the two outer lanes were originally covered with wooden roofs and walked by noble on horseback. In the third section are palaces with gardens and villas with parks. Among the buildings stand the Opera and the Ballet Institute, the old Academy of Music and palaces decorated with square Kodály. The statues of the two semicircular colonnades of Heroes’ Square are dedicated to important figures in Hungarian history, kings and politicians. On both sides of the square are located, facing each other, the Museum of Fine Arts and the Exhibition Gallery. Under the avenue passes the first subway in continental Europe.
Recommended excursions: In the first place you should visit the Danube Bend, north of Budapest. City rich with historical museums and cultural monuments, picturesque landscapes and mountains offer spectacular hikes thousand resources of great interest. Gödöllő, with its baroque castle, was the favorite residence of Queen Sissi.A Ráckeve, Savoyai over to the castle, the most important monument is the Gothic church with Byzantine iconostasis, the only medieval Serbian Orthodox church in Hungary. In summer, you can enjoy a refreshing break at Lake Velence, reachable in 30 minutes on the motorway M7.
Originally posted 2012-08-05 15:29:31.