Riyadh is the capital of Saudi Arabia since 1932, located in the heart of a lush oasis embraced by picturesque mountains Towaiq. Its name derives from the plural of the Arabic word “Rawda”, which means “gardens”, in reference to those formed in the desert after the spring rains: always, in fact, the area has been very fruitful, and has enjoyed the beauty and the richness of palms and orchids. Initially the name Riyadh was used to designate only those areas where the orchids bloomed blooming and spreading their fragrance in the air, then it came to indicate the whole settlement.
Today, the city’s economy and, more generally, the whole country, is based mainly on the extraction and refining of oil, so that Saudi Arabia is the largest producer of black gold for international traffic. The recent discovery of new deposits of silver, gold and urania, suggests that the country would do to an ever greater and increasingly important role in the global economy. Agriculture, however, is widespread only in the oases along the strip overlooking the Persian Gulf.
The most interesting attraction of Riyadh is perhaps constituted by nature that embraces, with its expanses of rock and sand that stretch as far as the eye toward the horizon, the mountains that soar into the sky Towaiq heat of Arabia and sparkling oasis that shoots as they make their way on dry land. Exciting and adventurous trip will be aboard camels along the pristine wonders of this land out of time, so different from the views to which you are accustomed to in the West.
However not underestimate the cultural heritage of Riyadh, where for example it will be interesting to visit the Museum of Riyadh, west of al-Batha, which houses an extensive collection of archaeological objects and witnesses of the period from the Stone Age to the birth of Islam. Then remain traces of the ancient city walls, demolished in 1950, which were originally espugnabili with nine massive gates of the city today, only some of these doors have been rebuilt, such as port-to Thumayri, in the heart of current Riyadh.
The center of Riyadh is composed of many historic villages, as Diriyah, the district of King Abdulaziz and Wadi Laban, which were only later combined into a single settlement. In the past, a lack of attention to traditional architectures, witnesses of the history of the city, caused the loss and degradation of many old buildings in favor of brand new, modern buildings with futuristic lines. The more recent generations, fortunately, have come to appreciate more the traditions of the past, grabbing all the value: so they got engaged in the care and restoration of some historical sites, more or less ancient. The fortress Masmak, for example, is a town located in the heart of al-Batha, built around 1865 under the reign of Mohammed ibn Abdullah ibn Rasheed, then taken by Ibn Saud in 1902. The event, which restored the control of Ibn Saud in Riyadh, it has become over time a true legend in the history of the city and Saudi Arabia, told countless times and sometimes modified to look more and more heroic figure of sovereign. In the 80s of the twentieth century, the fortress has been restored and is now home to a museum dedicated to Ibn Saud and the unification of Saudi Arabia.
Among the buildings, we have the most modern office center Al Faisaliyah, the first skyscraper built in Saudi Arabia and one of the tallest buildings in the country. It shines in the air at the top of a huge golden sphere, which contains an exclusive restaurant and a busy shopping center. Impressive is also the tower of Al Anoud, the largest commercial building in the city, located in the street of King Fahd and 145 m high, owned by Princess Al-Anoud and used by many big business companies Arabic.
The temperatures are very high and the humidity is high throughout the country, while the rainfall is scarce, concentrated in the months of October and November. Riyadh is in the end a tropical climate, with an average temperature of 25.6 ° C and an annual rainfall of 118 mm. Maximum temperatures in the summer months can reach even the 48-50 ° C, especially in July, when the average is 35 ° C. The month is instead more rigid in January, with 14 ° C average temperature.
Reach Riyadh is not difficult, thanks to the many airlines that include between destinations, often calling at any other airport. King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh is located 35 km north of the city and is one of four international airports in the country.
Originally posted 2012-09-11 07:09:16.